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PSY230H1 Study Guide - Fall 2018, Comprehensive Term Test Notes - Anxiety, Libido, IntuitionPremium


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY230H1
Professor
Amanda Sharples
Study Guide
Midterm

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University of Toronto St. George
PSY230H1
Personality and Its Transformations
Term Test
Fall 2018
Prof. Amanda Sharples

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Lecture 1: personality.
1. Personality is the consistent behavior patterns and intrapersonal processes
originating within the individual.
Influential factors
- genetic vs. environmental
- Conscious vs. unconscious determinants
A person might still be conscious under the condition of anesthesia.
An psychological study found that food associated cues can be used to
override health conditions.
- Free will vs. determinism
(lecture slides)
2. Topics that will be addressed in the course
Psychoanalytic Theory
The Trait approach
Biological and Evolutionary Approaches
The Humanistic Approach and Positive Psychology
The Behavioural Approach
The Cognitive Approach
Personality and culture
3. History of personality psychology
Hippocrates/ Galen: Four humors (ancient fundamental personality types)
o They believed that each of the 4 humors was a result of an excess of
one of the 4 bodily fluids. The excess amount of fluids determined a
person’s character.
- Choleric yellow bile
- Melancholic black bile
- Sanguine blood
- Phlegmatic phlegm
Plato: 4 groupings, rationalist and idealist
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Aristotle: four factors, what people were contributing to the society.
Franz-Joseph Gall
- Phenology: different parts of the brain is related to certain traits.
- There used to be a theory proposed that the particular brain part would be
physically larger if it was used more frequently or significantly than other
brain parts. However, it was disapproved by the modern science.
4. Modern personality psychology
Understanding between self and others.
Measure and define personality using innovative methods.
How people interact on social media directly reflects their personality.
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