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Midterm

First midterm notes

9 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY230H1
Professor
Dan Dolderman

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PSY230: TEST 1 NOTES
Important
AspectsFreud (1850 1940)Jung (1870
1960)Adler (1870 1935)Horney (1885
1950)Fromm (1900 1980)
Biographic
al AspectsMale dominated society
Clients mostly bourgeois women
Hot, young mom
Cold dad
Emphasizes
childhood
fantasies,
dreams,
anxiety
Distant from
parents
(doesnt like
dad)
Neurosis
starting from
childhood (i.e.
fainting spells)
Dual
personality:
felt like he was
a nervous boy,
yet a
prominent 18th
century man
Childhood troubles: rickets,
breathlessness, pneumonia,
near death
Second son to almost perfect
brother
Affected by death of brother
Feels neglected by mom
Fathers favourite
Known as smart
one with
character
Tight with mom;
mom encourages
med school
One of the few
women to enrol in
med school
Plagued by
depression
Society man-
oriented
Had neurotic parents
mom prone to
depression
Analyzed history and
came to conclusion that
there was no social
mobility
FocusSelfSelf but
understanding/
explaining
things that are
the opposite of
Freuds ideas
Personality
types and
archetypes
Shift from intrapsychic to
interpsychic aka from self
community
What in your social
environment makes you
sick?
Pragmatic psychology
GOALS: striving for
superiority (perfection, best
one can be)
Feminist
personality theory
Cultural forces
Self-analysis: “what
is the motive
behind our
behaviour?
Society as a major
contributor to
personality
development
MomentsVisiting Charcot got him
interested in hysteria,
hypnotism, etc.
Story of Anna O., Joseph
Breuers patient neurotic
tendencies disappeared after
WAT (Word
Association
Test) the
amount of time
taken to reply
about certain
Insecure in childhood Depressed got
analyzed by Karl
Abraham who often
had theories not
fitting to her case.
Mostly came up
Fascinated by WWI and
WWII how is it
possible for people to
inflict so much pain on
each other?
www.notesolution.com
talking cure; repressed emotions
released.
Anna O. showed that you have
parts of yourself that are
repressed, thus, they have to/will
come out and they come out in
weird forms, at worst, physically;
Anna was upset
words
indicates that
the word is
more
threatening in
the
unconscious
with ways to apply
Freudian insights
Abraham: Electra
Complex womens
periods a constant
reminder of
castration;
wishful or
vengeful
Key TermsLibido: emotional and psychic
energy derived from the
biological drive of sexuality
Drive: form of energy that is a
combo of body and mental
aspects libidinal energy that
will satisfy a desire
Resistance: purposefully
repressed memories
Id: reservoir of psychic energy
that provides the power for all
psychological functioning,
inhabits repressed material and
the drives (unconscious fantasies
and unconscious feelings, guilt)
Ego: the coordinated
organization of mental processes
in a person; faithful, realistic
servant of id
Superego: watchful and judging,
punishing agency in the
individual, the source of social
and religious feelings in mankind
Repression: pushing threatening
material out of consciousness,
making sure it doesnt become
conscious ever again
Fixation: arrested in
development at early sexual
stage or may regress to an earlier
stage when pressured
Psyche: all
psychological
processes;
embracing
both conscious
and
unconscious
processes
Complex: an
organized
group of
thoughts,
feelings and
memories
about a
particular
concept
Libido: will
and striving;
not purely
sexual energy
OPPOSITE
OF FREUD
Introverts:
derive their
motivations
chiefly from
themselves
Extroverts:
derive their
motivations
chiefly from
Social interest: urge in
human nature to adapt
oneself to the conditions of
the social environment
Fictional Finalism: things
that cannot be proven but
are assumed to be good
Style of Life: tactics
individuals use to reach
their goals
Creative Self: the creative
self establishes, maintains,
and pursues the goals of the
individual
Superiority complex:
exaggerate importance of
self overcompensating for
the feeling of weakness
Inferiority complex: gulf
between the real person and
excessively high life goals
womb envy: the
jealousy that men
feel when they
realize that they
cannot give birth
Basic anxiety:
result of hostility
and mistreatment
by parents
Basic evil: coldly
indifferent, hostile,
rejecting,
inconsistent
attitude of childs
parents
Basic hostility: an
attitude of deep
resentment caused
by basic evil
Real self: what a
person actually is
Idealized self: what
the person he or
she should be
Hypercompetitiven
ess: a sweeping
desire to compete
and win in order to
keep or heighten
believe that one is
worthy
Basic needs: needs that
need to be satisfied in
order for one to not go
insane
Having mode of
existence: relationship
with world is one of
possessing and owning,
wanting everything to
be oneselfs
Being mode of
existence: (1) contrasts
with being (2) contrasts
with appearing; the
true reality of a person,
contrast to deceptive
appearances
Authoritarian ethics:
source in conscience
that is rooted outside
the individual
Humanistic ethics: true
virtue in the sense of
unfolding of a persons
powers in accordance
with the law of ones
human nature, and
takes full responsibility
Biophilous character:
seek to live life
Necrophilous character:
www.notesolution.com
Transference: irrational love or
hostility toward therapist
Counter-transference: therapist
falling in love with patient
outside sources
Irrational
functions:
sensation and
intuition (how
we gather
information)
Rational
functions:
thinking and
feeling (how
we come to
conclusion or
make
judgements)
Archetype:
universal
thought form
of
predisposition
to perceive the
world in
certain ways
Individuation:
process
whereby an
individual is
led to unify
their
personality
attracted to death,
seeks to destroy life
(Hitler)
TheoryImpulse drives:
(1)Eros: life impulses or drives
sexual drive, energy force =
libido
(2)Thanatos: death impulses,
reflects ultimate resolution of
lifes tension in death
*development mostly based
on sexual drive
Id: instincts, drives, genetics,
Disagreed with
Freud that
things must be
sexual
Libido:
naturally
expresses itself
only through
symbols
Conflict: not
Human beings have tamed
their instincts and
subordinated them to their
attitudes toward the
environment
Organ Inferiority : source of
inferiority in specific source.
Causes psychological
problems which is the main
problem
Compensation: occurs as a
Womb envy/penis
envy: Womb envy;
Women arent
jealous of the penis,
they are just
jealous of the fact
that men have all
the opportunities!
Basic anxiety: is
not inevitable nor
universal, it is
Freedom is the ultimate
psychological problem
you have to decide
everything! You have to
be responsible!
Escape of Freedom:
One can escape in 3
ways:
(1)authoritarianism
life determined by
www.notesolution.com

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Description
PSY230: TEST 1 NOTES Important Freud (1850 1940) Jung (1870 Adler (1870 1935) Horney (1885 Fromm (1900 1980) Aspects 1960) 1950) Biographic Male dominated society Emphasizes Childhood troubles: rickets, Known as smart Had neurotic parents al Aspects Clients mostly bourgeois women childhood breathlessness, pneumonia, one with mom prone to Hot, young mom fantasies, near death character depression dreams, Second son to almost perfect Tight with mom; Analyzed history and Cold dad anxiety brother mom encourages came to conclusion that Distant from Affected by death of brother med school there was no social parents Feels neglected by mom One of the few mobility (doesnt like Fathers favourite women to enrol in dad) med school Neurosis Plagued by starting from depression childhood (i.e. Society man- fainting spells) oriented Dual personality: felt like he was a nervous boy, yet a prominent 18 th century man Focus Self Self but Shift from intrapsychic to Feminist Society as a major understanding interpsychic aka from self personality theory contributor to explaining personality community Cultural forces things that are What in your social Self-analysis: what development the opposite of environment makes you is the motive Freuds ideas behind our sick? Personality Pragmatic psychology behaviour? types and GOALS: striving for archetypes superiority (perfection, best one can be) Moments Visiting Charcot got him WAT (Word Insecure in childhood Depressed got Fascinated by WWI and interested in hysteria, Association analyzed by Karl WWII how is it hypnotism, etc. Test) the Abraham who often possible for people to Story of Anna O., Joseph amount of time had theories not inflict so much pain on Breuers patient neurotic taken to reply fitting to her case. each other? about certain Mostly came up tendencies disappeared after www.notesolution.com
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