PSY240H1 Final: Abnormal Psychology Notes (Got Best Grade!)

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10 Apr 2012
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Abnormal Psychology
Lecture #1 - January 13 2011
Psychological Disorder: 3 factors/criteria
- Psychological Dysfunction
- Which leads to distress or impairment
- Can include atypical response
- People with anxiety disorder are aware that their thought are irrational but
they cannot stop it
- Ex. Chip in brain
- Behavior is inconsistent in some sense to be described as psychological
disorder. The greater the deviation of the curve, the more likely we can describe as
psychological disorder
- How rare does behaviour have to be in order to be atypical/considered a
disorder
- Someone who has depression for 14 days it would be coded as a
depressive episode
- Someone who has 2 panic attack that comes out of no where within four
weeks - then we can code it panic disorder
- DSM: committee within university which sets boundaries/coding, how to
diagnose
- Behaviour can be coded as abnormal if it violates/breaks some sort of social
norm: abnormality can be defined by certain cultural norms
- ex. family members (positive voices), O.C.D.
- There are no universally assumed psychological disorders/no single universal
definition of abnormality (relative to person's culture)
The mental Health Professions
- Work as a scientist-practitioner in diff. ways
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1. Consumers of science for their patient; keeping up with latest
scientific developments in their field; up to date treatments
2. Active in evaluating there own procedures; patient complete
measures before and after treatment so psychologist knows their
treatment is effective
3. Conducting research that leads to new procedures useful in practice
- Clinical Psychologist (Ph.D, Psy.D)
- In Canada Psychologists cannot prescribe.
- Psychiatrist (M.D., F.R.C.P. (C)
- Psychoanalyst (M.D., Ph.D.)
- comes from freudian theory in practice
- you have to be an M.D. first
- visits 3-4 times a week for about 4.5 years
- covered by OHIP
- Social Worker (M.S.W.)
- work with couples/entire family/organizations
- Counseling Psychologist (Ph.D)
- help people with life adjustment problems
**All accept social workers, can diagnose a condition as abnormal**
Study clinical disorders
- Clinical description
- Change, how many people have the disorder (prevalence), incidence
(how many new cases in 12 month period), onset patterns (when and how
does disorder start), gender ratios,
- Causation
- prognosis
- biological, social
- Treatment and outcome
- studying new treatments
- university departments
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History of Psychopathology: Demonology
- Good and Bad Manasfestations of power where regarded as supernatural
- An evil being, such as the devil may dwell within a person and control the body :
Demonology
- Found in early records of many civilizations (ex china, egypt, greece)
- Predominate perspective of 11th-15th Century
- Church interpreted these "threats" as demonic forces
- 13-16C, people were obsessed with the devil.
- many people where put to death because of these thinkings ("witches,
witchcraft", etc.)
- some people believed themselves to be witches/ could've been suffering
from mental disorders
- people used cultural belief to explain their thoughts and behaviours
- detailed examination of notes taken during this era, shows that not all
people who where "witches" had psychological disorders
- Forced confessions - more symptoms of mental illness in stressful
circumstances
- Non-forced confessions in England as well
History of Psychopathology: The Somatogenic Perpective
-Hippocrates (460-377BC) - Father of Modern Medicine
- Regarded the brain as the organ of wisdom
- Deviant thinking indication of brain pathology
- Provided an early classification system
- His model:
Substance Place of Origin Mental Health
Blood Heart Labile Mood
Black Bile Spleen Melancholy
Yellow Bile Liver Irritability/ Anxiousness
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