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Midterm

Fill-In-The-Blanks study guide for the Midterm - Based on the Textbook

8 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY260H1
Professor
Martin Ralph

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CHAPTER 1
PSYCHOLOGY OF LEARNING & MEMORY
1.1PHILOSOPHY OF THE MIND
ARISTOTLE & ASSOCIATIONISM
NATIVISM vs EMPIRICISM
DESCARTES & DUALISM
JOHN LOCKE & EMPIRICISM
BORROWING IDEAS TO EXPLAIN THE MIND
WILLIAM JAMES & ASSOCIATION
WILLIAM JAMES MEMORY MODEL:
1.2EVOLUTION & NATURAL SELECTION
ERASMUS DARWIN & EARLY PROPONENTS OF EVOLUTION
CHARLES DARWIN & THE THEORY OF NATURAL SELECTION
DARWINS 3 CRITERIA FOR TRAITS TO EVOLVE THROUGH NATURAL
SELECTION
FRANCIS GALTON: VARIABILITY OF NATURE
CAN LEARNING INFLUENCE EVOLUTION? THE CASE OF THE
TITMOUSE
1.3THE BIRTH OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
HERMANN EBBINGHAUS & HUMAN MEMORY EXPERIMENTS
EBBINGHAUS RETENTION CURVE
IVAN PAVLOV & ANIMAL LEARNING
EDWARD THORNDIKE: LAW OF EFFECT
1.4THE REIGN OF BEHAVIORISM
JOHN WATSON & BEHAVIORISM
CLARK HULL & MATHEMATICAL MODELS OF LEARNING
B.F. SKINNER: RADICAL BEHAVIORISM
EDWARD TOLMAN: COGNITIVE MAPS
1.5THE COGNITIVE APPROACH
W.K. ESTES & MATHEMATICAL PSYCHOLOGY
STIMULUS-RESPONSE MODELS
GORDON BOWER: LEARNING BY INSIGHT
GEORGE MILLER & INFORMATION THEORY
HERBERT SIMON & SYMBOL MANIPULATION MODELS
www.notesolution.com
DAVID RUMELHART & CONNECTIONIST MODELS
CHAPTER 11
OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING
Watching, Listening & Remembering
11.1 BEHAVIORAL PROCESSES
LEARNING BY COPYING
TRUE IMITATION: COPYING ACTIONS
EMULATION: COPYING GOALS
STIMULUS MATCHING: COPYING OUTCOMES OF SPECIFIC ACTIONS
SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY
ALTERNATIVES TO IMITATION
CONTAGION & OBSERVATIONAL CONDITIONING
STIMULUS ENHANCEMENT
CHAPTER 2
THE NEUROSCIENCE OF LEARNING &
MEMORY
2.1 QUICK TOUR OF THE BRAIN
THE BRAIN & THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
THE HUMAN BRAIN
COMPARATIVE BRAIN ANATOMY
LEARNING WITHOUT A BRAIN
OBSERVING BRAIN STRUCTURE & FUNCTION
THE DARK AGES OF BRAIN SCIENCE
STRUCTURAL NEUROIMAGING: LOOKING INSIDE THE BRAIN
2.2 FROM BRAIN TO BEHAVIOR
INFORMATION PATHWAYS IN THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
BEHAVIOR WITHOUT THE BRAIN: Spinal Reflexes
INCOMING STIMULI: Sensory Pathways Into The Brain
OUTGOING RESPONSES: Motor Control
OBSERVING BRAIN SYSTEMS IN ACTION
CLUES FROM HUMAN NEUROPSYCHOLOGY
EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN LESIONS
FUNCTIONAL NEUROIMAGING: Watching the Brain In Action
ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY: Charting Brain Waves
www.notesolution.com
2.3 LEARNING & SYNAPTIC PLASTICITY
THE NEURON
THE SYNAPSE: Where Neurons Connect
NEUROMODULATORS: Adjusting the Message
MEASURING & MANIPULATING NEURAL ACTIVITY
RECORDING FROM NEURONS
STIMULATING NEURONS INTO ACTIVITY
MANIPULATING NEURONAL FUNCTION WITH DRUGS
SYNAPTIC PLASTICITY
LONG-TERM POTENTIATION
IMPLEMENTATION OF LTP IN A NEURON
RELATIONSHIP OF LTP TO LEARNING
LONG-TERM DEPRESSION
CHAPTER 6
NON-ASSOCIATIVE LEARNING
Learning About Repeated Events
6.1 BEHAVIORAL PROCESSES
LEARNING ABOUT REPEATED STIMULI
THE PROCESS OF HABITUATION
Factors Influencing Rate & Duration of Habituation
Dishabituation
LEARNING & MEMORY IN EVERYDAY LIFE: Sex on the Beach
THE PROCESS OF SENSITIZATION
PRIMING
PERCEPTUAL LEARNING
MERE EXPOSURE LEARNING
DISCRIMINATION TRAINING
SPATIAL LEARNING
MODELS OF NON-ASSOCIATIVE LEARNING
DUAL PROCESS THEORY
COMPARATOR MODELS
DIFFERENTIATION THEORY
6.2 BRAIN SUBSTRATES
INVERTEBRATE MODEL SYSTEMS
HABITUATION IN SEA SLUGS
www.notesolution.com

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Description
CHAPTER 1 PSYCHOLOGY OF LEARNING & MEMORY 1.1 PHILOSOPHY OF THE MIND ARISTOTLE & ASSOCIATIONISM NATIVISM vs EMPIRICISM DESCARTES & DUALISM JOHN LOCKE & EMPIRICISM BORROWING IDEAS TO EXPLAIN THE MIND WILLIAM JAMES & ASSOCIATION WILLIAM JAMES MEMORY MODEL: 1.2 EVOLUTION & NATURAL SELECTION ERASMUS DARWIN & EARLY PROPONENTS OF EVOLUTION CHARLES DARWIN & THE THEORY OF NATURAL SELECTION DARWINS 3 CRITERIA FOR TRAITS TO EVOLVE THROUGH NATURAL SELECTION FRANCIS GALTON: VARIABILITY OF NATURE CAN LEARNING INFLUENCE EVOLUTION? THE CASE OF THE TITMOUSE 1.3 THE BIRTH OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY HERMANN EBBINGHAUS & HUMAN MEMORY EXPERIMENTS EBBINGHAUS RETENTION CURVE IVAN PAVLOV & ANIMAL LEARNING EDWARD THORNDIKE: LAW OF EFFECT 1.4 THE REIGN OF BEHAVIORISM JOHN WATSON & BEHAVIORISM CLARK HULL & MATHEMATICAL MODELS OF LEARNING B.F. SKINNER: RADICAL BEHAVIORISM EDWARD TOLMAN: COGNITIVE MAPS 1.5 THE COGNITIVE APPROACH W.K. ESTES & MATHEMATICAL PSYCHOLOGY STIMULUS-RESPONSE MODELS GORDON BOWER: LEARNING BY INSIGHT GEORGE MILLER & INFORMATION THEORY HERBERT SIMON & SYMBOL MANIPULATION MODELS www.notesolution.com
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