PSY260H1 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Aplysia, Dopaminergic, Classical Conditioning

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Published on 10 Feb 2011
School
UTSG
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY260H1
Professor
CHAPTER 1
PSYCHOLOGY OF LEARNING & MEMORY
1.1PHILOSOPHY OF THE MIND
ARISTOTLE & ASSOCIATIONISM
NATIVISM vs EMPIRICISM
DESCARTES & DUALISM
JOHN LOCKE & EMPIRICISM
BORROWING IDEAS TO EXPLAIN THE MIND
WILLIAM JAMES & ASSOCIATION
WILLIAM JAMES MEMORY MODEL:
1.2EVOLUTION & NATURAL SELECTION
ERASMUS DARWIN & EARLY PROPONENTS OF EVOLUTION
CHARLES DARWIN & THE THEORY OF NATURAL SELECTION
DARWINS 3 CRITERIA FOR TRAITS TO EVOLVE THROUGH NATURAL
SELECTION
FRANCIS GALTON: VARIABILITY OF NATURE
CAN LEARNING INFLUENCE EVOLUTION? THE CASE OF THE
TITMOUSE
1.3THE BIRTH OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
HERMANN EBBINGHAUS & HUMAN MEMORY EXPERIMENTS
EBBINGHAUS RETENTION CURVE
IVAN PAVLOV & ANIMAL LEARNING
EDWARD THORNDIKE: LAW OF EFFECT
1.4THE REIGN OF BEHAVIORISM
JOHN WATSON & BEHAVIORISM
CLARK HULL & MATHEMATICAL MODELS OF LEARNING
B.F. SKINNER: RADICAL BEHAVIORISM
EDWARD TOLMAN: COGNITIVE MAPS
1.5THE COGNITIVE APPROACH
W.K. ESTES & MATHEMATICAL PSYCHOLOGY
STIMULUS-RESPONSE MODELS
GORDON BOWER: LEARNING BY INSIGHT
GEORGE MILLER & INFORMATION THEORY
HERBERT SIMON & SYMBOL MANIPULATION MODELS
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DAVID RUMELHART & CONNECTIONIST MODELS
CHAPTER 11
OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING
Watching, Listening & Remembering
11.1 BEHAVIORAL PROCESSES
LEARNING BY COPYING
TRUE IMITATION: COPYING ACTIONS
EMULATION: COPYING GOALS
STIMULUS MATCHING: COPYING OUTCOMES OF SPECIFIC ACTIONS
SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY
ALTERNATIVES TO IMITATION
CONTAGION & OBSERVATIONAL CONDITIONING
STIMULUS ENHANCEMENT
CHAPTER 2
THE NEUROSCIENCE OF LEARNING &
MEMORY
2.1 QUICK TOUR OF THE BRAIN
THE BRAIN & THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
THE HUMAN BRAIN
COMPARATIVE BRAIN ANATOMY
LEARNING WITHOUT A BRAIN
OBSERVING BRAIN STRUCTURE & FUNCTION
THE DARK AGES OF BRAIN SCIENCE
STRUCTURAL NEUROIMAGING: LOOKING INSIDE THE BRAIN
2.2 FROM BRAIN TO BEHAVIOR
INFORMATION PATHWAYS IN THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
BEHAVIOR WITHOUT THE BRAIN: Spinal Reflexes
INCOMING STIMULI: Sensory Pathways Into The Brain
OUTGOING RESPONSES: Motor Control
OBSERVING BRAIN SYSTEMS IN ACTION
CLUES FROM HUMAN NEUROPSYCHOLOGY
EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN LESIONS
FUNCTIONAL NEUROIMAGING: Watching the Brain In Action
ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY: Charting Brain Waves
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2.3 LEARNING & SYNAPTIC PLASTICITY
THE NEURON
THE SYNAPSE: Where Neurons Connect
NEUROMODULATORS: Adjusting the Message
MEASURING & MANIPULATING NEURAL ACTIVITY
RECORDING FROM NEURONS
STIMULATING NEURONS INTO ACTIVITY
MANIPULATING NEURONAL FUNCTION WITH DRUGS
SYNAPTIC PLASTICITY
LONG-TERM POTENTIATION
IMPLEMENTATION OF LTP IN A NEURON
RELATIONSHIP OF LTP TO LEARNING
LONG-TERM DEPRESSION
CHAPTER 6
NON-ASSOCIATIVE LEARNING
Learning About Repeated Events
6.1 BEHAVIORAL PROCESSES
LEARNING ABOUT REPEATED STIMULI
THE PROCESS OF HABITUATION
Factors Influencing Rate & Duration of Habituation
Dishabituation
LEARNING & MEMORY IN EVERYDAY LIFE: Sex on the Beach
THE PROCESS OF SENSITIZATION
PRIMING
PERCEPTUAL LEARNING
MERE EXPOSURE LEARNING
DISCRIMINATION TRAINING
SPATIAL LEARNING
MODELS OF NON-ASSOCIATIVE LEARNING
DUAL PROCESS THEORY
COMPARATOR MODELS
DIFFERENTIATION THEORY
6.2 BRAIN SUBSTRATES
INVERTEBRATE MODEL SYSTEMS
HABITUATION IN SEA SLUGS
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Document Summary

1. 1 p h i losophy of t he m i n d. Erasmus darwin & early proponents of evolut ion. Charles darwin & t he t heory of natural select ion. Darwin"s 3 criteria for traits to evolve through natural. Franc is galton: variab il i ty of nature. 1. 3 t he birt h of exper i mental psychology. H er mann ebbinghaus & h u man me mory exper i men ts. Ivan pavlov & an i mal learn ing. 1. 4 t he re ign of behavior ism. Clark h u ll & mat he mat ical models of learn ing. Edward tol man: cogn i t ive maps. Gordon bower: learn ing by i nsigh t. George m i l ler & i n for mat ion t heory. David ru mel hart & connect ion ist models. Alternat ives to i m i tat ion. 2. 1 qu ick tour of t he brain.