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PSY270H1 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Prosopagnosia, Echoic Memory, Handsfree

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Gillian Rowe
Study Guide

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Part 1: Multiple-Choice Questions (1 point each)
(1) Bill, a mechanic, believes that automobile research should place an emphasis on studying
certain car parts work the way they do and the processes that occur among the various parts. If
Bill had chosen psychology as a career field, he might have been in favour of
a. Gestaltism
b. Structuralism
c. Behaviourism
d. Functionalism
(2) Which of the following schools of thought is most closely related to the idea that “the whole
differs from the sum of its parts”?
a. Functionalism
b. Structuralism
c. Gestalt psychology
d. Pragmatism
e. Nativism
(3) Maria took a drink from a container marked “milk”. Surprised, she quickly spit out the liquid
because it turned out the container was filled with orange juice instead. Maria likes orange juice,
so why did she have such a negative reaction to it? Her response was most affected by
a. reception of the stimulus.
b. bottom-up processing.
c. top-down processing.
d. focused attention.
(4) Alice suffers from a peculiar perceptual deficit, such that she cannot recognize her own face
in the mirror. This phenomenon is called
a. Spatial agnosia
b. Prosopagnosia
c. Simultagnosia
d. Visual-object agnosia
e. None of the above
(5) In the scenario that opens the chapter on attention, a man named Sam is driving to a lunch
date. This example illustrates the difference between automatic processing and focused attention.
Which event demonstrates how Sam’s driving is forced from “automatic” to a state where he
concentrates his attention on his driving?
a. A boy runs in front of the car.
b. Sam sees a poster for a movie he can’t wait to see.
c. Sam’s CD starts to play his favorite song.
d. Sam arrives at the restaurant that is noisy and crowded.

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(6) Suppose you are in your kitchen writing a grocery list, while your roommate is watching TV
in the next room. A commercial for spaghetti sauce comes on TV. Although you are not paying
attention to the TV, and you are not aware of what’s on, you “suddenly remember you need to
pick up spaghetti sauce and you add it to the list. Your behavior is best predicted by which of the
following models of attention?
a. Object-based
b. Early selection
c. Spotlight
d. Late selection
(7) According to multiple resource theories of attention, playing a video game is more likely to
interfere with generating a mental image of your room than with remembering a list of words
a. Most people are experienced at talking while playing a video game, but not at generating
mental images while playing a video game.
b. Playing a video game and generating a mental image share the same mental structures, while
remembering words uses different mental structures.
c. Playing a video game and generating a mental image share the same pool of attentional
resources, while remembering words uses a different pool.
d. Remembering a list of words is a lot easier than the other two tasks.
(8) Imagine that Canadian lawmakers are considering changing the driving laws. You have been
consulted as an attention expert. Given the principles of consistent vs. varied mapping, which of
the following possible changes to driving laws would MOST interfere with a skilled driver’s
automatic performance when driving a car?
a. Passing laws where headlights must be used during the day when the weather is bad
b. Requiring all drivers learn to drive safely on wet roadways using anti-lock brakes
c. Requiring successful curbside parking performance to obtain a license
d. Creating conditions where sometimes a green light meant “Stop”
(9) When light from a flashlight is moved quickly back and forth on a wall in a darkened room it
can appear to observers that there is a trail of light moving across the wall, even though
physically the light is only in one place at any given time. This experience is an effect of
memory that occurs because of
a. A visual delay effect.
b. Echoic memory.
c. Persistence of vision.
d. Top-down processing.
(10) After being given a series of directions to get to the theatre, Kurt can remember only the first
part of where to turn. This illustrates the __________ effect.
a. Primacy
b. Recency
c. Initial
d. Availability
(11) Seth is participating in a memory experiment. He has been instructed to count backwards
between the last presentation of a stimulus and recall of the stimulus. This procedure was
probably designed to
a. Prevent Seth from rehearsing.
b. Disorient subjects about the purpose of the experiment.
c. Allow some decay to occur.
d. Increase depth of processing.
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