Study Guides (380,000)
CA (150,000)
UTSG (10,000)
PSY (800)

PSY343H1 Study Guide - Therapeutic Relationship, Psychoanalysis, Psychologies


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY343H1
Professor
Neil Rector

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 12 pages of the document.
1: Definitions of Psychotherapy
FREUDIAN HISTORY
“hysteria” – concept of
transference
by Freud & Breuer
Freud mostly cares for neurotic women.
1895: Abandons hypnosis for
free association
: noticed that patients would sometimes hesitate
(assumed it was cuz blocks were showing up for painful memories or taboo subjects.)
childhood memories & sexual themes would allways come up.
(mebs cause yr a lady lying
near a man)
5 yrs later: publishes
Interpretation of Dreams
concept of
unconsc
, theories of
neuroses
1909: G. Stanley Something brings Freud to Clark Univ talks published in 1910 in
American Journal of Psychology.
o ACADEMIA not interested (slowly warms,) PUBLIC likes it
Psychoanalysis
is about abnormality & case studies others do EXPERIMENTS on psychoanalytical
practices MAINSTREAMING
CLINICAL HISTORY
>20 clinics already existed, in universities. Most dealt w/ KIDS
WW1 NEED 1919 CLINICAL section of APA appears
WW11 MORE NEED, PTSD GOV’T funds university programs for clinical psychology
1949: APA says to be clinical, gotta be TRAINED as scientist & practitioner
Now: more & more clinical psychologies more & more varied theories about the subject
1950s & 60s
1959
1976
1979
Today
Psychoanalytical,
humanistic, more
developed
behavioral
36 distinct,
comprehensive
therapies
100
>200
400-500
DIFFERENT DEFINITIONS OF PSYCHOTHERAPY:
Norcross, 1990
:
informed & intentional application of clinical methods & interpersonal stances
derived from ESTABLISHED psychologies. GOAL assist people to
MODIFY
their behaviours,
cognitions, emotions, and/or other personal characteristics in directions that the participants deem
DESIRABLE.
Desirability?

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Corsini, 2007
:
Formal process of interaction between two parties, each usually consisting of one
person but can be 2/+ in each. GOAL amelioration of distress in 1 of the parties relative to
any/ all of the following areas of disability or malfunction: cognitive functions (disorders of
thinking), affective functions (suffering or emotional discomforts), or behavioural functions
(inadequacy of behaviour).
THERAPIST: has some theory of personality’s origins, development, maintenance, and
change, applies some method of treatment logically related to the theory, and has
professional and legal approval to act as a therapist.
Theory, logic, legal approval, distress
** Anyone in Canada can theoretically call themselves a PSYCHOTHERAPIST. Vs. Clinical
psychologist **
THE ROLE OF THEORIES
All
psychotherapies
are METHODS OF LEARNING they intended to change people make
them think or feel differently & to make them act differently. (cog, affective, behavioral)
help the person learn something new
relearning something they have forgotten
unlearning
learning what one already knows. …???
All
psychotherapies
are pathways to:
a new way of seeing life - a re-evaluation of self and others.
- The psychotherapist is a persuader or FACILITATOR attempting to CHANGE OPINIONS.
CORE ASPECTS OF PSYCHOTHERAPY: relationship + target of intervention
WORKING ALLIANCE INVENTORY MEASURES THINGS THAT MAKE THERAPY GOOD:
o Trust
o Caring/Acceptance
o Confidentiality
o Understanding & agreement on GOALS of treament
o Agreeing upon TASKS & methods
BUT HOW IS THIS DIFFERENT FROM PLAIN OL’ FRIENDSHIP?
distilled
ROLES
of each member in the therapeutic relationship
TRAINING
specific
TECHNIQUE
BOND
GOALS
TASKS
(necessary,
but not
sufficient)

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

TECHNIQUES / METHODS
ANXIETY SENSITIVITY INDEX: question checklist fear of bodily sensations
CBT is v. good for PANIC DISORDER treats fear of bodily sxs REDUCES panic attacks
For OCD - supportive therapy (where relationship is most important) is almost USELESS. Behav
& Cog are best. Ex:
ERP Exposure & Response-Prevention
BECK’S MODEL OF DEPRESSION
Psychonalysts said people with depression really had
REPRESSED
ANGER. Beck found out this
was false.
Negative events Cognitive appraisal  Depressed emotion  behaviors… Neg events
etc.
SOOOOOO….
SPECIFIC TECHNIQUES
&
RELATIONSHIP FACTORS
INTERACT
THERAPEUTIC RESPONSES
2: Aspects of Clinical Research
HYPOTHESES: Clearer hypotheses better-constructed study
RELIABILITY OF FINDINGS: replicability & robustness (sample size etc.)
INDEPENDENT & DEPENDENT VARIABLES: have to be
operationalized.
What’s the diff
INTERNAL VALIDITY: how well a measure measures what it’s supposed to measure.
Potential Problems: confound.
Establish good
Inclusion Criteria
Make
Control Groups
Randomize
EXTERNAL VALIDITY: how well findings represent general population
EFFICACY
Effectiveness within tightly controlled populations?
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version