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PSY100 TEST#2 - CHAPTER SUMMARIES.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100H1
Professor
Dan Dolderman
Semester
Winter

Description
- Retrieval, transformation, and substitution are three independent processes that update contents of working memory - Sometimes only one of the processes is necessary Working Memory’s Four Parts - Central Executive presides over the interactions amongst the other three parts, is the control system o Encodes information from senses and filters important info to be stored long term o Retrieves long term information as needed - Phonological Loop o encodes auditory information, active whenever a person tries to remember words by reading, speaking, or repeating them… o ‘inner voice’ - Visuospatial Sketchpad o processes visual information, objects’ features and locations o e.g. watch a dog moving and observe whether or not it is a threat to you - Episodic Buffer o holds temporary information about oneself, draws heavily on long-term episodic memory Long Term Memory is Relatively Permanent - Computer analogy—storage of information on a hard drive Distinguishing Long-Term Memory from Working Memory - Distinct in ways of duration and capacity - Serial Position Effect: ability to recall items from a list depends on order of presentation, with items presented early or late in the list being remembered better than others o Primary Effect: better memory people have for items at the beginning of list o Recency Effect: better memory people have for items presented at the end of the list
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