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Midterm- Textbook Chapter 4 Notes You dont need to read textbook! Just read this! I took this course on 2010. Guaranteed A in this midterm. Ch.4) Brain and Consciousness

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University of Toronto St. George
Dan Dolderman

The Brain and Consciousness Ch4 Brain and ConsciousnessPhrenology An early method of assessing personality traits and mental abilities by measuring bumps on the skullBrain consists of a patchwork of highly specialized areasBrocas area The left frontal region of the brain that is crucial to the production of language Spinal Cord Is Capable of Autonomous FunctionSpinal cord Part of the central nervous system a rope of neural tissue that runs inside the hollows of the vertebrae from just above the pelvis and into the base of the skullGray matter A segment of the spinal cord that is dominated by the cell bodies of neuronsWhite matter A segment of the spinal cord that consists mostly of axons and the fatty sheaths that surrounds them The Brainstem Houses the Basic Programs of SurvivalBrainstem A section of the bottom of the brain that houses the most basic programs of survival such as breathing swallowing vomiting urination and orgasmReticular formation A large network of neural tissue within the brainstem involved in behavioural arousal and sleepwake cycles The Cerebellum Is Essential for MovementCerebellum A large convoluted protuberance at the back of the brainstem that is essential for coordinated movement and balanceDamage to the cerebellum changes in personality Subcortical Structures Control Basic Drives and EmotionsConsists of hypothalamus thalamus hippocampus amygdale basal gangliaReferred to as limbic systemHypothalamus A small brain structure that is vital for temperature regulation emotion sexual behaviour and motivationIt receives input from almost everywhere and projects its influence to almost everywhereIt controls pituitary glandThalamus The gateway to the brain that receives almost all incoming sensory information before it reaches the cortexThe exception is the sense of smellHippocampus A brain structure importance for the formation of certain types of memory
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