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Midterm- Textbook Chapter 6 Notes You dont need to read textbook! Just read this! I took this course on 2010. Guaranteed A in this midterm. Ch.6) Learning and Reward

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Dan Dolderman

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Learning and Reward Ch6 Learning An enduring change in behaviour that results from experience Behavioural Responses Are ConditionedPavlovs experimentsClassical conditioningA type of learned response that occurs when a neutral object comes to elicit a reflexive response when it is associated with a stimulus that already produced that responseEg ringing bell stimulated salivary reflex of a dogUnconditioned response UR A response that does not have to be learned such as reflexEg Salivation elicited by foodUnconditioned stimulus US A stimulus that elicits a response such as a reflex without any prior learningEg FoodConditioned stimulus CS A stimulus that elicits a response only after learning has taken placeEg Ringing bell causing salivationConditioned response CR A response that has been learned Acquisition extinction and spontaneous recoveryAcquisition The gradual formation of an association between the conditioned and unconditioned stimuliExtinction A process in which the conditioned response is weakened when the conditioned stimulus is repeated without the unconditioned stimulusSpontaneous recovery A process in which a previously extinguished response reemerges following presentation of the conditioned stimulusGeneralization discrimination and secondorder conditioningStimulus generalization Occurs when stimuli that are similar but not identical to the conditioned stimulus produce the conditioned responseStimulus discrimination A learned tendency to differentiate between two similar stimuli if one is consistently associated with the unconditioned stimulus and the other is notSecondorder conditioning Sometimes a CS does not become directly associated with an US but rather with other stimuli that themselves are associated with the US Phobias and Addictions Have Learned ComponentsPhobias and their treatmentPhobia An acquired fear that is out of proportion to the real threat of an object or a situationDrug addiction
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