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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100H1
Professor
Dax Urbszat
Semester
Winter

Description
Test 1PsychL0101 MW 1112 room 2072 1 What is the difference between a naturalistic study a case study and a survey 5 marks A naturalistic study observes phenomena in their natural environment with as little interference as possible A case study is the examination and observation of only one subjectA survey is a group of questions distributed among a particular population designed to answer some specific questionsNone of these methods of research allow us to make causal inferences regarding relationships between variables 2 In the experiment done in class where you the students were the participants what were the independent and dependent variables 4 marks The independent variable was level of anxietyThe two conditions were 1 made to feel anxious by speech threat experimental condition and 2 the control conditionThe dependent variable was the number of words generated on the word generation or Boggle task 3 What is the placebo effect 3 marks When someone shows improvement in their condition or symptoms simply because they believe that they are receiving some kind of treatment when in reality they are not getting any real treatment at all 4 Psychology is the combination of what 2 areas of study 2 marks philosophy and physiology 5 Give an example of a study real or hypothetical conducted in the area of Social psychology 3 marks a researcher is looking at the effects of crowding on levels of aggression6 A health care professional who treats serious mental disorders is likely anpsychologist 1 mark clinical 7 What is a myelin sheath and what purpose does it serve 3 marks the myelin sheath is a coating of substance derived from glial cells that surround the axon of certain neurons in order to increase the rate of speed of electrical pulses or the action potential traveling down the axon 8 What are the two main categories of cells in the nervous system 2 marks glia and neurons 9 What senses and which processes in the human mind and body are the frontal lobes most responsible for 3 marks the motor cortex is responsible for sensing movement and the prefrontal cortex is responsible for executive functions like planning temporal sequencing and getting organized 10 What functions appear to be dominant in the left hemisphere 3 markslanguage speech logic and complex motor behaviorlinguistic functions 11 What happens when there is damage to Brocas area 1 mark you can no longer speak languageL0301 MW 34 K137 1 What is the difference between a naturalistic study a case study and an experiment 5 marks A naturalistic study observes phenomena in their natural environment with as little interference as possible A case study is the examination and observation of only one subject An experiment is a controlled study that uses random assignment to control for all variables except the independent variable being manipulated by the researcherRandom assignment allows for causal inferences to be made between the independent and dependant variables 2 Explain the results of the class experimentWhat were the important conclusions 4 marks The manipulation check showed that those in the experimental condition who were made to feel anxious by being threatened to have to give an improvised speech in front of the class were indeed significantly more anxious than the control group and that participants in the experimental group produced less words on the word generation task than those in the control group as was predicted Thus the findings were that anxiety in this context does decrease performance on a word generation task 3 What is social desirability bias 3 marks This bias occurs when people filling out selfreport questionnaires or participating in a study are not completely honest with their responses rather they answer questions in a way that makes them look better or in the way they think the experimenter would want them to answer 4 Who is considered the founder of Psychology and why 2 marks Wilhelm Wundt is considered the founder of psychology since he created the first university program in the name of psychology and founded the first psychological journal 5 Give an example of a study real or hypothetical conducted in the area of Abnormal psychology 3 marks a researcher is looking at the effects of cognitivebehavioral therapy on patients with bulimia nervosa
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