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University of Toronto St. George
Dax Urbszat

Test 5PSY100Test 5L0101 MW 1112 1Explain three positive factors that support having diagnostic categories or giving patients a diagnosis 3 marks 1 it facilitates communication among practitioners and researchers standardization2 it is the key to further knowledge in terms of treatment and prevention3 it allows for psychoeducation leading to more personal knowledge for sufferers of mental disorders as well as reducing feelings of isolation and uncontrollability 2What is a panic attack When is it adaptive and when is it maladaptive4 marksA panic attack is a discrete period of intense fear or discomfort in which at least 4 panic symptoms heart racing sweating shaking choking nausea dizziness etc develop abruptly and reach a peak within 10 minutes Panic reactions are adaptive when there is some present danger in the environment that you must confront however they are maladaptive when they occur in absence of some threatening stimuli ie they occur out of the blue or are unexpected or uncued 3Give examples of some common phobias and provide an explanation for why they are so much more prevalent than other phobias3 markscommon phobias include fear of snakes spiders dogs heights water bloodThese phobias are likely more common due to Biological Preparedness or a genetic predisposition to fear certain stimuli over othersMost of the common phobias involve things that were traditionally very deadly to our ancestors and thus it was evolutionarily adaptive to have a strong fear response for these ancient dangers4What is the difference between Bipolar I and Bipolar II disorders 2 marks Bipolar I is one or more Manic or Mixed episodes usually accompanied by Depressive episodes whereas Bipolar II is Depressive episodes accompanied by hypomania 5What is Somatization Disorder 2 marksa history of many physical complaints that result in treatment being sought that cannot be explained by a medical condition and are not intentionally produced 6What are the two types of Eating Disorders recognized by the DSMIV 2 marksAnorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa 7What are the four classification categories of Schizophrenia 2 marksParanoid Catatonic Disorganized and Undifferentiated 8List three types of InsightOriented therapy 3 marksPsychoanalytic Humanistic Gestalt Emotion Focused or Process Experiential any three 9What are the three main categories of psychopharmacological drugs 3 marksAntiDepressant AntiAnxiety and AntiPsychotic 10List six advantages of group therapy 3 marks any six for 12 mark each1 Efficiency2 Universality3 Empathy4 Interaction5 Acceptance6 Altruism7 Modeling8 Pressure9 Practice10 Reality Testing11 Transference 11 Describe three warning signs that signal a risk for suicide 3 marks any three one mark each11 withdrawal from family and friends social isolation22 changes in eating and sleeping patterns33 writing or talking a lot about death44 telling statements like the world would be better off without me or I would be better off dead or no one would miss me if I were dead55periods of agitation followed by calm resignation66 giving away valued possessions77 taking care of unfinished business like debts and favours owedL0301 MW 34 1List the areas covered by each of the 5 axes of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manualfourth edition DSMIV 5 marks Axis Iall mental disorders exceptAxis IIpersonality disorders and mental retardationAxis IIIphysicalmedical disordersAxis IVpsychosocial and environmental problemsAxis VGlobal Assessment of Functioning Scale 1100 2How does Panic Disorder contribute to the development of Agoraphobia3 marksrecurrent panic attacks cause distress associated with high risk places like malls restaurants theatres and other public places As the fear of having a panic attack increases a person may become more and more anxious about going out to public places till eventually the person does not want to go out at all for fear of having a panic attack in a place or situation where escape is difficult or embarrassing
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