Book notes, ch 14

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University of Toronto St. George
Michael Inzlicht

Chapter 14 J Psychological Disorders * Abnormal Behavior The Medical Model Applied to Abnormal Behavior N Medical model: Proposes that is useful to think of abnormal behavior as a disease N Diagnosis: Involves distinguishing one illness from another N Etiology: The apparent causation and developmental history of an illness N Prognosis: A forecast about the probable course of an illness Criteria of Abnormal Behavior Stereotypes of Psychological Disorders 1. Deviance 2. Maladaptive Behavior 3. Personal Distress Psychodiagnosis: The Classification of Disorders The Prevalence of Psychological Disorders N Epidemiology: The study of the distribution of mental or physical disorders in a population N Prevalence: The percentage of a population that exhibits a disorder during a specified time period * Anxiety Disorders N Anxiety Disorders: A class of disorders marked by feelings of excessive apprehension and anxiety Generalized Anxiety Disorder N Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Marked by a chronic, high level of anxiety that is not tied to any specific threat Phobic Disorder N Phobic Disorder: Marked by a persistent and irrational fear of an object or situation that presents no realistic danger Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia N Panic Disorder: Characterized by recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety that usually occur suddenly and unexpectedly N Agrophobia: A fear of going out to public places Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder N Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD): marked by persistent, uncontrollable intrusions of unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and urges to engage in senseless rituals (compulsions) Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder Etiology of Anxiety Disorders o Biological Factors N Concordance Rate: Indicates the percentage of twin pairs or other pairs of relatives who exhibit the same disorder o Conditioning and Learning o Cognitive Factors o Stress * Somatoform Disorders Somatization Disorder N Somatization Disorder: Marked by history of diverse physical complaints that appear to be psychological in origin Conversion Disorder
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