PSYCH NOTES CH. 14.doc

10 Pages
102 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100H1
Professor
Dax Urbszat
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 14 Psychological DisordersAbnormal Behaviour Myths Realities and ControversiesThe Medical Model Applied to Abnormal BehaviourThe medical model proposes that it is useful to think of abnormal behaviour as a diseaseCan be seen in the terms referring to abnormal behaviour mental illness psychological disorder etcPrior to the rise of the medical model conceptions of abnormal behaviour were based on superstition demonic possession in league w the devil etc which meant harsh treatment of the mentally ill Szasz argues that abnormal behaviour usually involves a deviation from social norms rather than an illness and that the medical models disease analogy converts moral and social questions about acceptable behaviour into medical questionsImportant Medical ConceptsDiagnosis distinguishing one illness from anotherEtiology the apparent causation and developmental history of an illnessPrognosis a forecast about the probable course of an illnessCriteria of Abnormal BehaviourIn making diagnoses clinicians rely on a variety of criteria1Deviancewhen people violate social standards and expectations they may be labelled as mentally ill2Maladaptive behaviourwhen people are judged to have a psychological disorder bc their everyday adaptive behaviour is impaired3Personal distressbased on an individuals report of great personal distressPeople are often viewed as disordered when only one criterion is met though more are possiblePsychological disorder diagnoses involve value judgements about prevailing cultural values social trends and political forces as well as scientific knowledge basically what is normal and how far from normal are youPeople are only judged to be mentally ill when their behaviour becomes extremely deviant the normalabnormal is a spectrum not a eitherorStereotypes of Psychological DisordersMyths of Psychological Disorders1Psychological disorders are incurable The vast majority of people who are diagnosed as mentally ill eventually improve and lead normal productive lives2People with psychological disorders are often violent and dangerous Theres no consistent link bw mental illness and violence only past history of violence and violence3People with psychological disorders behave in bizarre ways and are very different from normal people This is only true in a minority of cases usually involving relatively severe disordersPsychodiagnosis The Classification of Disorders
More Less

Related notes for PSY100H1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit