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Memory  The paradox of memory o Linked to autism  The fallibility of member o Suggestive memory techniques o Memory illusion o The reconstruction nature of memory  Cues and information  Memories can be recalled from 3rd person  Memory system o Modal memory model(span/duration)  Sensory memory  Short-term memory 5-30  Working memory  Decay  Interference o Retroactive o Proactive  Chunking  Rehearsal o Maintenance o Elaborative  Levels of processing model o Visual o Phonological o Semantic  Long-term memory  Serial position effect  Explicit memory o Semantic memory o Episodic memory  Implicit memory o Procedural memory o Priming o Conditioning o habituation  Declarative memory  Encoding o Mnemonics  Pegword method o Method Keyword o method of loci  Storage o Schemas(con/pro)  Retrieval o Retrieval cues o Recall o Recognition o Relearning o Distributed vs massed practice o Encodeing specificity principle  Context-dependent  State- dependent (e.g. mood)  Biology of memory  Temporal lobe  Cerebellum  Amygdala  Epinephrine  Frontal lobe o Post-traumatic stress disorder  Schachter’s seven sins of memory o Transience, o Absentmindedness o Blocking o Misattribution  Source misattributions  Sleeper effect  Cryptomnesia  Misinformation effect  Source amnesia o Suggestibility o Bias o Persistence (e.g., PTSD) o Easier to implant memory for  – Plausible events  – Events in the distant past o Eyewitness testimony is less accurate when:  stressful  different race  talked to other witnesses  Weapon focus  Simultaneous lineup  Sequential lineup  Amnesia o Retrograde o Anterograde  Flashbulb memories Attention  Selective attention (RAS/ basal forebrain)  Filter theory of attention  Change blindness Thinking  Mental representation o Analogical (visual) o Symbolic  Concept  defining attribute model o definition o problem  prototype view  exemplar model o NB: no single best representation  Reasoning o Deductive reasoning  Syllogisms o Inductive reasoning o Confirmation bias  Decision making o Heuristics (unconsciously)  Representativeness heuristic(base rate)  Availability heuristic o Algorithms  Problem saving o Set subgoals o
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