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University of Toronto St. George
Michael Inzlicht

Chapter 7 Memory Man receive brain seizure to relieve epilepsy Surgery to remove temporal lobe includinglost his memory Cannot rmb new info, but can recall past, and able to learn new motor skills (eg. Trace star looking at mirror, better performances after 3 days of practice) Memory: capacity of nervous system to acquire and retain usable skills and knowledge, allow organisms to benefit Memory is biased and incomplete and distorted What are the basic stages of memory? 3 stages memory system (standard memory model)- by Atkinson Sensory, short-term, long term memory (pg 252) Sensory memory is brieftemporary Visual sensory memory=iconic memory Auditory sensory memory=echoic memory 3 rows of letter test: asked to recall one row, performance worsen after several seconds Iconic memory last for 13 second before trace faded Iconic and echoic allow us to experience world as continuous stream Short Term Memory (STM) is Active Passed from sensory memory to short term Immediate memory: thoughts and impression of world RAM of computer: handle small amt info Replaced by new info continuously No longer than 20 s of info holding Eg. Rmb XCJ but disrupted by counting 309 for 18 s, cant rmb anymore Memory span and chunking 7 items+- 2 is our memory span One item can be one letter, one number, 3 numbers, one word Meaningful units are easier to rmb: chunking Ability to memorize chess board Working memory Model of 3 part active memory system called working memory Working memory is active processing system that keeps info available so can be used for activity such as problem solving, reasoning, comprehension Central executive, phonological loop, visuospatial sketchpad Central executive filters info thats important to go to long term memory and retrieves info from long term meory, relies on the auditory and visual info Phonological loop is active when were reading,m speakinjg, or repeat words to ourself to rmb them inner voice People process words by how they sound not what they mean (eg. Poorer memory for
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