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PSYC39 - Psych and the Law - Lec 7 : Midterm Review

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University of Toronto St. George
David Nussbaum

PSYC39 Lecture 7: Midterm Review PY Date: Slide 1:  Know stats – understand what that means conceptually  Know dates that are relevant Slide 2: Cognitive Model and Motivational Model Lec 3 – slide 31 explained  Cognitive Decision-Making Model and Motivational Model  Motivational model not on midterm, will be on final  Cognitive model: o Question is: How is cognition regulated? There are diff models o Depends on the time allowed for info to be processed: Do you have a year to make your decision, or just ½ a second to make your decision o Cognitive model based on 2 facets:  1) How long ppl can think about a problem  2) How quickly a person processes info o 2X2 graph – they are continuous in real life; attention is not just ‘short’ and ‘long’ attention span = actually continuous; same with info processing = continuous o 4 combos:  1) fast speed of processing but short attention span  2) fast speed of processing and long attention span  Optimum  Extra time left over because can process info fast  3) slow processing and short attention span  Why didn’t I think of that at that time? It’s not like these ppl don’t have the intellectual ability, it’s just when the decision is made, it’s made on the basis of incomplete info, not considering all info avail  Describe ADHD and also describes ppl who don’t have ADHD when they are considering important and complex problems b/c there are many aspects of the problem that they haven’t considered (happens to politicians, businessmen, scientists etc;) b/c quite often you don’t step back and look at the whole situation, only focus on one or two salient features  4) slow processing and long attention span  People in top-left quadrant = make sound decisions and are efficient b/c process info quickly; but won’t do anything creative, just do what you should do  Ppl who are quick and who have the luxury of more time to think about stuff, they will make sound decisions and in the extra time available, they will optimize the decision and do something creative  Bottom left = impulsive decision – didn’t consider all of the available info o Speed of processing and attention span work together to determine how soundly ppl make decisions  What does this abstract cognitive model have to do with criminals? 1 PSYC39 Lecture 7: Midterm Review PY Date: o All criminals share = they all got caught  Within criminals, 80% do dumb things in front of other ppl and there’s no question at all about who did it = very impulsive = caught relatively quickly + there’s some regret about having committed these crimes  15% = not so impulsive and
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