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Jason Plaks

Andrew (youngjik) Lee Prejudice: Disliking others Prejudice is a negative prejudgement of a group and its individual members. An antipathy based upon a faulty and inexible generalization. Prejudice is a negative attitude: combinations of feelings, inclinations to act, and beliefs. Stereotype is a belief about the personal attributes of a group of people. (generalization) Problems with stereotypes arise when they are overgeneralized. Discrimination is a negative behavior and often has its source in prejudicial attitudes Racism and sexism are institutional practices that discriminate Modern prejudice often appears subtly, in our preferences for what is familiar, similar, and comfortable. It is possible to have different conscious and automatic attitudes towards the same target. Ex. Primed with images associated with black people, participants are more hostile to annoying requests. Ex. 9 in 10 white people took longer to identify pleasant words when associated with black instead of white faces. Ex. Correll and Greenwood (20022003). Participants had to shoot or not shoot men that suddenly appeared (on-screen) holding a gun or harmless object. Participants more often mistakenly shot targets who were black. Ex. Payne and Judd (20012004). Participants more likely to recognize a gun in association with black face. Gender roles are expected behavior for males and females. Leadership is more often attributed to men. Assertiveness can seem less becoming ion a woman than a man. Unequal status breeds prejudice. Once inequalities exist, prejudice helps justify economic and social superiority of those with wealth and power. Stereotypes rationalize such unequal status. We tend to see other groups as competent or as likeable but not usually both. Respect for competence of those high in status and like those who agreeably accept a lower status. People often view enemies as subhuman and depersonalize them with labels. Gender stereotypes help rationalize gender roles. Social dominance orientation is a motivation to have ones group be dominant over other social groups. Desire to be on top leads people high in social dominance to embrace prejudice and to support political positions that justify prejudice. (maintain hierarchies) Ethnocentric is belief that ones ethnic and cultural group is superior. Tend to have authoritarian tendencies, intolerance for weakness, punitive attitude, and submissive respect for authority within group.
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