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Study guide for Term Test 3

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Dan Dolderman

Exam 3 Prep Cognitive approach George Kelly Presbyterian minister father; one-room secondary; entered navy in WW2 -> clinical psych at Ohio State Univ Constructive alternativism (everyone = scientist); predictable aspect At least 3 elements in the construct Not necessary to be named; personal Fundamental postulate: psychologically channeled (directed or determined) 11 corollaries: construction, individuality, organization, dichotomy, choice, range, experience, modulation, fragmentation, commonality, sociality Anxiety: recognition that events happen outside the range of ones construct Guilt: perception of ones apparent dislodgement from his core role structure Aggression: active elaboration of ones perceptual field = assertiveness Disorder: therapist cant predict (consistent invalidation of constructs) Therapy: reconstruction > psychotherapy Slot movement (superficial) Fixed role: self-characterization sketch -> fixed role for some period of time Assessment 1. Validation: compatibility btw predictions and observation of outcome (both are subjectively constructed) 2. Philosophical stance 3. Better known in Europe England 4. Industrial organizational psych, management psych etc (workplace) 5. Criticism: ignored the full range of human personality to do justice to the human intellect = being too intellectual, fail to deal human emotions 6. Praised: model of uniqueness vs. universality, forerunner of modern social Nancy Cantor & John Kihlstrom Process-oriented terms (schema, goal, strategies) > descriptive terms Schema: general (about world) vs. specific (about yourself); change by Goal: general vs. specific (ability shift flexibly is important) Strategies: connect actions to goals Carol Dweck Performance goals (prove competence) vs. learning goal (mastery-oriented) Entity theories (fixed) vs. incremental theories (malleable) Albert Ellis Semi-orphaned; analyzed at Horneys institute; self-help books 4 fundamental processes: perception, movement, thinking, emotion (evaluative
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