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Second Half Study Notes

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University of Toronto St. George
Alison Luby

Psychology of Emotions Study NotesRegulation of EmotionsEmotion regulation strategies to control which emotions we have when and how strongly we experience and expressDiscrepancy between how we want to feel and how we do feel Emotion knowledge awareness of current emotional state causes and bodily sensations how it might affect us and others Hedonic motivation avoid unpleasant feelings seek out pleasant onesEnhance or inhibit emotions to help us perform on tasksProsocial motives protect anothers feelingsSelfprotection motives ones safety or get help from othersImpression management motive avoid being judged negatively by othersEmotion norms knowledge of which emotions are appropriate to contextEmotional intelligence regulate emotions by conforming to emotion norms taking into account feelings of othersDisplay and feeling rules what we should show and experience culturaljob differencesGenderspecific men more powerful selfprotective emotions women more relational prosocial times are changing Western cultures are starting to drop these normsGrosss Emotional Regulation modelAntecedentfocused before emotion is elicited modifies emotional impactActively select and influence situations to prevent unwanted emotions and enhance desiredSituation selection people who create pleasant events are more resilient to stress but can limit opportunities bad idea Situation modification active coping perception of control decreases stress Attention deployment distraction requires cognitive energyCognitive reappraisal JamesLange emotional response depends on appraisalSuccessfulReduced amygdala increased orbitofrontal prefrontal cortexSometimes seeing things stressfully can motivate thoughJokes taking role of another forgivenessResponsefocused after elicited emotion modifies experience expression physiology Regulation of physiological arousal medication do not replace constructive problemsolving Catharsis often increases the emotion Regulation of expressive behaviour suppression vs enhancementFacial feedback suppression works with pain only reduces positive feelings only Suppression increases sympathetic physiological arousalRequires constant regulation impairs memory and confidence in recall not the same forcognitive reappraisal Regulatory depletion regulation efforts eat up our limited cognitive resources Make people focus on internal rather than external constant selfmonitoring of successBad for social interactions bad interpretationattending to others Butler et al suppressioninstruction participants showed reduced responsiveness increased distraction partners felt stress and decreased closeness
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