PSY343 test example questions

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Neil Rector

Style of Multiple Choice Questions The term "neurosis" was eliminated in 1980 from the DSM diagnostic system a. it was too vague b. it subsumed almost all nonpsychotic disorders c. it implied a specific but unproven cause for nonpsychotic disorders based on psychoanalytic thinking d. all of the above 4. Women are more likely than men to be identified with phobias in almost all cultures. a. it is more permissible for women to report phobias b. men may endure and hide their fears c. men may work to expose themselves and overcome their fears d. sexual roles make different demands on males and females e. all of the above 1. Describe the key differences between CBT and Humanistic therapy in terms of the structure and process of sessions? a. Duration: 6-12 months, weekly (humanistic) vs. 12-20 sessions, spaced further apart as patient recovers b. Length: sameish, 50 minutes. c. Structure: humanistic is non-directive, unstructured, assuming that problems will come up verbally if patient has them. This contrasts starkly with CBT which is very structured and directive, working towards education and collaborative empiricism d. This brings us to the differences in therapists: CBT therapists are much more active in the therapeutic process; they suggest changes, educate their clients, and direct the flow of conversation to facilitate certain realizations. The unconditional empathy that humanistic therapists find necessary AND sufficient leads humanistic therapists to be largely inactive and reflective – their role is to reflect understanding, to promote flexible attention to feelings, while CB therapists promote focus on cognitions e. relationship: CBT says relationship is necessary but not sufficient, while Carl Rogers maintains that a good therapeutic relationship is the main defining factor in treatment outcomes – it is both necessary and sufficient f. process: consciousness raising and catharsis for humanistic. CBT also involves consciousness- raising, to a certain degree. However, there are specific important steps: i. education about the cognitive model – teaching client that interpretations and cognitions can change emotions, which will alter behaviors ii. then it is important to be active in trying to reduce severe or dangerous symptoms, using behavioral strategies like contingency management and activity scheduling iii. then cognitive restructuring is done using collaborative empiricism & Socratic questioning g. assumptions of psychopathology: humanistic psychologists believe that pathology arises from incongruence between their actual self and what they believe they should be, which differs slightly from the CBT view that pathology involves maladaptive interpretations of situations and self – humanistic is more intrapsychic, about the self, while CBT maintains importance of interpretation of things. 2. Describe the main treatment approaches of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy for Borderline Personality Disorder. What makes this intervention so unique? a. Uses mindfulness  synthesize dialectic between ACCEPTANCE & CHANGE b. MODES i. Skills training – group therapy (key social skills & emotional regulation skills) ii. Activating motivation & Capabilities - Individual sessions iii.Assess Generalization – phone consultation iv. Understand & Structure Environment – Case Management v. Help therapist enhance own skills - Therapist Consultation Meetings c. UNIQUENESS: mindfulness, specific to BPD, integrates all 3 Cs: counterconditioning, rd contingency management, cognitive-behavioral modification (like all 3 wave) but also uses elaborate system of different therapy approaches. 3. Describe how SPIRITUAL aspects have become integrated into mainstream evidence-based treatment approaches. Can these aspects be tested scientifically? a. Mindfulness – very hard to test. You can tell people to be mindful but it’s hard to tell if they’re doing it. b. _ c. _ d. _ 4. Describe the cognitive model of delusions. How does the cognitive t
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