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Protestant Reformation, Christian Denomnations

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University of Toronto St. George
Andre Maintenay

World Religions October 18 , 2011. Protestant Reformation, Christian Denominations Reading: Ch. 3 The Christian Tradition, pp. 175-197 Relationships between monasteries and churches functioned as wing of the church for people interested in a particular location and later on they would have a much more sinister kind of function, e.g. major monostatic was given position of conducting the inquiries into people faithbeliefs and disciplining people accordinglytorture and death Veneration of saintsrelics Over the centuries, church developed criteria for sainthood and a chronicle list of saints German bishop in end of 10 century Saints functioned as a heavenly senate or society, which served various functions Each saint was associated with a virtue and was empowered to bestow blessings on individuals Practice of venerating saints and of engaging in ritual act associated with the veneration of saints, e.g. pilgrimage, these were practices that were extraordinarily common in middle ages and represent one major facet of Christian practice in the middle ages In early church, people grew close to saints and so it became customary to have the theirthodies End of 8 century, it became mandatory to have some sort fo relic associated with some saint as the basis for the foundation of a new sanctuary Relics were tangible objects that were considered to have certain powers and taught to contain an almost magical power to transform lives and people traveled from far to visit particular locations associated with particular saints Pilgrimage very common in medieval Europe Major theological issues is also of the relationship bw good and evil Today most Christian churches think of hell as a place of spiritual estrangement rather than a literal place you go However hell used to be seen as a literal place, establishing imagery of what hell may be, reflection of the role of the devil, Satans power struggle with God Evil was considered to be in the midst of humanity, constant struggle bw good and evil Devildark side was subject of continuous contemplation and so we see reflections of the consequences of sin and evil, punishment for evil Origin of sin is an urgent concern in liertual of medieval Christianity and we see its literal and material affects in the institution of inquisition Concern with the enemy at the boarder was immediate for political and religious leaders Islam began in 7 century with the death of Muhammed Within 100 years it takes over lands controlled by Christians Initially nothing substantive is done about it
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