Islam and Christianty notes

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University of Toronto St. George
Andre Maintenay

Religion 100 Test Christianity and Islam Christianity Paul Identification: 1) Paul was a devoted Jew belonging to the Pharisees sect. 2) He was an early persecutor of the Jesus movement, but on his way to Damascus he had a vision of Jesus and he became a supporter of the Jesus movement. 3) Jesus may have been the founder of Christianity, but Paul is known as the architect. Significance: 1) He extended Christianity to gentiles. Example, the Jewish communities that he travelled to were not very receptive of his message about Jesus, so he would go and preach to the gentiles. 2) He was able to make Jesus appealing to gentiles. He did this by determining to which extent it is necessary to retain certain observances and practices. For example, Christians did not need to be circumcised or observe purity laws. 3) He was also able to attract a lot of gentiles, most of which were Greek speaking and of Greek background. 4) He established that salvation is not obtained by obeying certain laws, but rather one can receive salvation through faith in Jesus and the divine grace that comes through him. 5) The letters that he wrote were the earliest forms of Christian literature because they were written before the gospels. They had an impact on the early Jesus movement because they helped Paul more easily preach his message. 6) His voyages that he took spreading his message allowed for many Christian communities to be established before his death at age 65. 7) He supported a life centered around life in the spirit rather than a life in the flesh. A life in the spirit consisted of lasting religious values such as faith, hope, and love. Constantine Identification: 1) It was created in 4CE by the council of Nicaea, and the idea was proposed by Constantine. 2) The purpose of this creed was to determine the divinity of Jesus (if he was human, God, or both?). 3) He was a Roman emperor. Significance: 1) Addressed the issue of the Trinity (3 manifestations of God-father, son, Holy Spirit). There were various opinions on the topic. The Nestorian churches see the incarnate Christ as two separate persons, one divine and one human. The Monophysites see Christ as one person with only a divine nature. Finally, the Greek and Latin churches see Christ with both a divine and a human nature. 2) It was thought that it would bring unity
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