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Jainism and Buddhism study notes

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University of Toronto St. George
Andre Maintenay

World Religions Test Jainism and Buddhism 1. Sramana movement critiques of Vedic Religion Identification: Movement of dissatisfaction in the Vedic Religion. 1) The Vedic tradition was too ritualized. The rituals were too complex and could be considered superficial. Normal people could not tell if they were performing it right. 2) Normal people felt alienated in this religion. The Brahmins were the priestly caste who conducted the rituals, normal people did not have access to the scared. 3) Animal cruelty, the idea that religion should not cause harm to anything was becoming increasingly important. Idea that true religion should be the opposite from harm. People wandering into the forest, looking for answers to lifes questions, live a monastic life. Significance: Resulted in the formation of three religious traditions (Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism). Shows key doctrinal differences between the religions. Example, Hinduism will still eat meat, Jainism and Buddhism dont because dont believe in harming animals. Made religion more personable for normal people, they were now able to practice on their own without fear of practicing incorrectly. Brought religion back to a more simplistic manner by eliminating complex rituals. Shows the movement of dissatisfaction with respect to Jainism and Buddhism verses Hinduism. Hinduism retains the Vedas, believes that there is no problem with the text. Says the problem is with the way the text is interpreted. Buddhism and Jainism reject the Veda text. 2. Indic World View Identification: It is a common world view that all three religions share (Jainism, Buddhism and Hinduism). There are six basic features. 1) AWADI- without beginning, Indic concept of the world. It has always existed. 2) KALA- Time, understanding of how time works. (KALA YUGA-rock bottom) 3) SAMSARA- nature of worldy experience. Constant change in the world=stress.
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