society that are highlighted by this understanding. Critical Consciousness is a tool to help read
the world and assist individuals in the creation of a truly democratic society.
UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights – is a declaration adopted by the United Nations
General Assembly on December 10, 1948. It is an affirmation of the moral consensus of the
international community in the wake of the Holocaust, and the bombings of Hiroshima and
Nagasaki. It is established upon principles of absolute equality without distinction and it
formally recognized “the inherent dignity, and the equal and inalienable rights of all members
of the human family as being the foundation for freedom, justice and peace in the world. The
vote for declaration was 48-0 with eight countries opting to abstain from voting ( the Union of
Soviet Socialist Republics, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist
Republic, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, People’s Republic of Poland, Union of South
Africa and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The declaration itself consists of a preamble comprised
of seven paragraphs detailing the reasons for the adoption of the declaration, followed by 30
articles detailing what the international community agreed upon in principle as being the rights
of every human being.
Aung San Suu Kyi: Burmese woman who was the Nobel Peace prize recipient in 1991. Known
for being very outspoken about her disagreement and that she was insulted with the
proposition that the Burmese were not fit to enojy as many rights and privaledges as the
citizens of democratic countries. This was to challenge the idea that the alleged dichotomy
between eastern and western values is an idea that is brought forth by oppressing governments
and not the suffering in order to excuse repressive policies. It is also important to note that she
was placed on house arrest for a number of years because of her comments and political
activity which the standing government viewed as an obvious threat.
UN Millenium Goals: these were the goals that were agreed upon by the UN in the year 2000
and the goal was to reach them all by 2015.
1. Eradicate extreme povery and hunger
2. Achieve universal primary education
3. Promote gender equality and empower women
4. Reduce child mortality rates
5. Improve maternal health
6. Combat HIV/AIDS
7. Ensure environmental sustainability
8. Develop global partnership for development
Nuremburg (trials): a city in Germany that played a large part in the Nazi Germany era. It was
also a headquarters during WWII.
-after the holocost, those German officials who were involved in the crimes
committed during it were brought before an international tribunal in the Nuremburg
-the United Nations was established after this to maintain peace and security and
promote respect for human rights.