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RLG 309 TEST 1 Review.docx

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Eleanor Pontoriero

society that are highlighted by this understanding. Critical Consciousness is a tool to help read the world and assist individuals in the creation of a truly democratic society. UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights – is a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 10, 1948. It is an affirmation of the moral consensus of the international community in the wake of the Holocaust, and the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. It is established upon principles of absolute equality without distinction and it formally recognized “the inherent dignity, and the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family as being the foundation for freedom, justice and peace in the world. The vote for declaration was 48-0 with eight countries opting to abstain from voting ( the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, People’s Republic of Poland, Union of South Africa and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The declaration itself consists of a preamble comprised of seven paragraphs detailing the reasons for the adoption of the declaration, followed by 30 articles detailing what the international community agreed upon in principle as being the rights of every human being. Aung San Suu Kyi: Burmese woman who was the Nobel Peace prize recipient in 1991. Known for being very outspoken about her disagreement and that she was insulted with the proposition that the Burmese were not fit to enojy as many rights and privaledges as the citizens of democratic countries. This was to challenge the idea that the alleged dichotomy between eastern and western values is an idea that is brought forth by oppressing governments and not the suffering in order to excuse repressive policies. It is also important to note that she was placed on house arrest for a number of years because of her comments and political activity which the standing government viewed as an obvious threat. UN Millenium Goals: these were the goals that were agreed upon by the UN in the year 2000 and the goal was to reach them all by 2015. 1. Eradicate extreme povery and hunger 2. Achieve universal primary education 3. Promote gender equality and empower women 4. Reduce child mortality rates 5. Improve maternal health 6. Combat HIV/AIDS 7. Ensure environmental sustainability 8. Develop global partnership for development Nuremburg (trials): a city in Germany that played a large part in the Nazi Germany era. It was also a headquarters during WWII. -after the holocost, those German officials who were involved in the crimes committed during it were brought before an international tribunal in the Nuremburg Trials. -the United Nations was established after this to maintain peace and security and promote respect for human rights.
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