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Exam Study Guide

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Andre Maintenay

RLG Exam Review Terms Western Religions Prophecy Concept of prophecy shows God is devoted to guiding for the good of humanity Revelation: prophets are considered to voice the literal words of God and are subsequently collected into scripture to be the revealed texts of tradition and are held to be sacred; God reveals moral beliefs Monotheism Christianity, Islam & Judaism: All are messianic tradition: concepts of messiah figure Monotheistic traditions Super cosmic being who transcends the universe and exists outside space and time Supreme being is all mighty, possessing infinite power to as being omniscient Conjecture that human beings are made in the image of this being who is benevolently disposed to the world, interested in the welfare of human beings All traditions assert there is some kind of being called God that exists Emphasize only one god exists (monotheism) Jewish and Muslim traditions of God is one transcendent God created the universe within a particular span of time and from the sheer force of imagination and will; creation being the handy work of good is not involuntarily indifferent to good creation; cosmoses was created by God to be good God author of time, set in motion the passage of time when he created the universe Judaism Covenant God decides to enter into a covenant (enter into contractual, legally binding relationship where each side has certain obligations to fulfill) with Abraham God will keep Abrahams family in his favor, however Abraham and his descendants are obligated with their commitments to venerate with only one God, follow his directives Abrahams devotion to this relationship is to be valued through circumcision religious bond established between God and descendants of Abraham (covenant bond) History interpreted as revealing how well Abrahams people have done in holding up their side of that covenant God punished Israelis when they do not obey him, God blesses when things go right God had to choose a people in order to set example for the relationship bw humanity and God Abraham is paradigm for what should be humanitys way of engaging with God, complete and utter obedience, faith, confidence in his judgment Diaspora Hebrew Bible Major source about evolution of theologyfaith is set of scriptures Hebrew Bible Hebrew Bible core of Jewish faith set of 24 books articulate most important teachings of tradition, e.g. ten commandments, ethical teachings, establishes ritual events guiding lives of community, primary record of Jewish history Hebrew Bible written by Moses, not historically verifiable Books of bible likely transmitted orally before committed to writing Bible contains 2 sections: - Torah (the teaching), also known as penta teuch 5 scrolls, e.g. Adam & Eve, introduced Moses, directives on correct ritual - Neviim Prophets who appear in throughout in history, God embarks messages upon individuals for them to speak on his behalf - Kethuvim material of literally or imaginativecreative nature, e.g. short stories, reflections of life, hymns Three sections are called Tanakh, acronym made by first syllable of 3 sections Book 2 of Genesis: vegetation emergences; plants garden in Eden, populated with animals and occupied by Adam (created from dust on the ground) God took rib from Adam when he was eating to form Eve to given Adam a companion Woman this at last is bones of my bones and flesh of my flesh, this shall be called woman because she is taken out of man Critical studies of Bible tells us Hebrew Bible contains narration of several authors, contributing their accounts and complied together, however now understanding is each version of story reflect perspective of authors Babylonian Exile Leadership of Jewish community is exiled to Babylon (586 BCE) period of Babylonian exile Babylonian exile lasts 75 years, at point at which leadership is sentenced to exile, they despair of ever seeing holy land Being to question commitment of God Reflect on sins they have committed in order to be exiled from their home, away from temple, manner of worship evolution of institution of Synagogue (gathering of community) new way of practicing tradition, ritual sacrifice The Second Empire HaggadahHalakhah Torah st Book of Genesis (1 book): first 12 chapters discuss the primary history of universe, first book of 5 books of Torah Chapter 1: creates heaven and earth st 1 day: Differentiates light from darkness 2 day: creates heaven and earth rd 3 day: separates earth from ocean 6 day: creation of humanity, male and female 7 day: God rests, Sabbath, setting pattern for weekly day of rest for Jews; from Friday sundown to sundown of Saturday Tanakh The Torah (the teaching), Neviim and Kethuvim sections of the Hebrew Bible are called Tanakh, acronym made by first syllable of 3 sections. Mishnah Set of texts: Mishnah: extending from Moses, composed in Hebrew and covers all various dimensions of Jewish life both religious and secular, divided into 6 sections concerned with all elements of Jewish life (festivals, fasts, prayers, right of poor, family law (marriage & divorce)), bodyndf law drawn from oral tradition complied by rabbis in early periods after fall of 2 temple Synagogue Rabbinic Judaism Chief custodians of Jewish heritage become pharoses who eventually develop into rabbis of Jewish community rabbinic Judaism Rabbi
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