Abraham: the first Biblical patriarch, the traditional founder of the Hebrew nation, and
the father of Isaac
Apocalypse: a literary genre in which an author, usually pseudonymous, reports symbolic
dreams or visions, given or interpreted through an angelic mediator which reveal the
heavenly mysteries that can make sense of earthly realities.
Apocalypse of Peter: The Apocalypse of Peter (or Revelation of Peter) is an early
Christian text of the 2nd century and an example of apocalyptic literature with Hellenistic
Asceticism: self-discipline and avoidance of all forms of indulgence, typically for
Collection for the poor of Jerusalem:Acollection Paul took up among the Gentile
churches to help Judean believers who were facing harder than usual economic times
Criterion of dissimilarity: used in Biblical criticism to determine if a statement attributed
to Jesus may be authentic. The criterion states that if a saying attributed to Jesus is
dissimilar to the Jewish traditions of his time and also from the early Church that
followed him, it is likely to be authentic.
Criterion of embarrassment: a critical analysis of historical accounts in which accounts
embarrassing to the author are presumed to be true because the author would have no
reason to invent an embarrassing account; example: the crucifixion of Jesus - this method
of execution was considered the most shameful and degrading in the Roman world.
Cum manu marriage: the women left her father’s potestas and joined the household of her
Decalogue: the Ten Commandments
Deutero-Pauline letters: letters of Ephesians, Colossians, and 2 Thessalonians which have
a “secondary” standing in the Pauline corpus because scholars debate whether they were
written by Paul.
Didache:An early Christian document; what the twelve apostles taught to the Gentiles
concerning Christian morality and practices (e.g. life and death, church order, fasting,
baptism, prayer, etc); “Two Way” belief.
Domitian: Roman emperor from 81 to 96 c.e.; most scholars believe he was the emperor
when the book of Revelation and its attack on the Roman empire was composed.
Gematria: Jewish method of interpreting a word on the basis of the numerical value of its
letters. gospel (euaggelion): when not capitalized, it refers not to a book but to the proclamation
of the “good news” (from Greek word euaggelion) of Christ’s salvation (e.g. the gospel of
Paul is his message, not a book that he used).
Guardianship: In ancient Rome, all women were under an adult male guardian. That
guardian was the oldest male in the household
Household codes: consist of instructions to pairs of people in different situations. Three
types of relationships: 1. Master-slave: ‘property’: owner-owned
2. Husband-wife: ‘republican’or ‘aristocratic’- equals, but one is owed honour and
respect 3. Father-child: ‘monarchic’
Infirmitas sexus: women's incapacity to enter into legal agreements in the Roman world
due to supposed emotional instability/weakness
Manumission: the formal act of freeing from