RLG241 Exam Terms .docx

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University of Toronto St. George
John Kloppenborg

Abraham: the first Biblical patriarch, the traditional founder of the Hebrew nation, and the father of Isaac Apocalypse: a literary genre in which an author, usually pseudonymous, reports symbolic dreams or visions, given or interpreted through an angelic mediator which reveal the heavenly mysteries that can make sense of earthly realities. Apocalypse of Peter: The Apocalypse of Peter (or Revelation of Peter) is an early Christian text of the 2nd century and an example of apocalyptic literature with Hellenistic overtones. Asceticism: self-discipline and avoidance of all forms of indulgence, typically for religious reasons. Collection for the poor of Jerusalem:Acollection Paul took up among the Gentile churches to help Judean believers who were facing harder than usual economic times Criterion of dissimilarity: used in Biblical criticism to determine if a statement attributed to Jesus may be authentic. The criterion states that if a saying attributed to Jesus is dissimilar to the Jewish traditions of his time and also from the early Church that followed him, it is likely to be authentic. Criterion of embarrassment: a critical analysis of historical accounts in which accounts embarrassing to the author are presumed to be true because the author would have no reason to invent an embarrassing account; example: the crucifixion of Jesus - this method of execution was considered the most shameful and degrading in the Roman world. Cum manu marriage: the women left her father’s potestas and joined the household of her husband. Decalogue: the Ten Commandments Deutero-Pauline letters: letters of Ephesians, Colossians, and 2 Thessalonians which have a “secondary” standing in the Pauline corpus because scholars debate whether they were written by Paul. Didache:An early Christian document; what the twelve apostles taught to the Gentiles concerning Christian morality and practices (e.g. life and death, church order, fasting, baptism, prayer, etc); “Two Way” belief. Domitian: Roman emperor from 81 to 96 c.e.; most scholars believe he was the emperor when the book of Revelation and its attack on the Roman empire was composed. Gematria: Jewish method of interpreting a word on the basis of the numerical value of its letters. gospel (euaggelion): when not capitalized, it refers not to a book but to the proclamation of the “good news” (from Greek word euaggelion) of Christ’s salvation (e.g. the gospel of Paul is his message, not a book that he used). Guardianship: In ancient Rome, all women were under an adult male guardian. That guardian was the oldest male in the household Household codes: consist of instructions to pairs of people in different situations. Three types of relationships: 1. Master-slave: ‘property’: owner-owned 2. Husband-wife: ‘republican’or ‘aristocratic’- equals, but one is owed honour and respect 3. Father-child: ‘monarchic’ Infirmitas sexus: women's incapacity to enter into legal agreements in the Roman world due to supposed emotional instability/weakness Manumission: the formal act of freeing from
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