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Final

RLG100Y1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Refuge (Buddhism), Bhikkhu, Citta


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG100Y1
Professor
Eleanor Pontoriero
Study Guide
Final

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Line Name Significance in Text Significance in Bud
1- “ … Ajita Ke-
sakambalin…
they live of the
fruits of their
crafts …
Great king, there
is nothing given,
nothing offered
nothing sacri-
ficed”
Samannaphala
- The fruits of Con-
templative life
- Ajita Kesakambalin is a ma-
terialist
- Talking about Materialist be-
lievers: no soul, no after life,
no rebirth
- opposite to buddhism -- no
consequences for actions =
no need to focus on punish-
ment = chased pleasure
- Rival philosophies are men-
tioned
- The buddha uses these exam-
ples to explain why the ‘con-
templative life
- The are several different
view of how to live life
- One that mimics the buddha
= enlightenment
________________________
-King Ajatasattu conversing
with Buddha
-talking about a materialist
-King looking for peace of
mind
-Buddha uses this story to
explain the path as the ma-
terialist denies karma/rein-
carnation/samara
-Buddha responds to this
explaining spiritual devel-
opment
-ultimate message-take
refuge in Triple Gem
- a prime passage in the
pali canon
- It is an example of all the
opposites of buddhism
- Shows how people are at-
tached to worldly things
- We suffer because of
these attachments
- Aim= to juxtapose rival
teachings with buddhism
- A portrait of buddhist
path and teaching (shows
each stage of teaching)
_____________________
-in Pali Canon
-comprehensive portrait
of Buddha’s path of
training
-stage of training via
similes
-Juxtaposes rival philo-
sophical views of the
time w/Buddhist thought
-Buddhism in early Indi-
an context
-Buddha deemed these
philosophies “annihila-
tionism”
-denies idea of
pleasure/attachment -8
fold path-will lead to
benefit of contemplative
life
-this sutta an ex. of Bud-
dha turning away from
dogmatic style philoso-

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Line Name Significance in Text Significance in Bud
2 - “Now this,
monks, is the Noble
truth of ..
.. Stress
.. Origination of
stress
.. Cessation of
stress
.. Of the way of
practice leading to
the cessation of
stress”
Dham-
macakkappa-
vattana Sutta
->The wheel of
Dhamma in motion
- significant bc it comes from
1st teaching the buddha gave
after being enlightened = *thus
setting the wheel in motion
(i.e. Buddha teachings)
- 7 weeks after attaining en-
lightenment GOES to 5 as-
cetics and teachs them and
they become his first followers
______________________
-first discourse given by
Buddha after his enlighten-
ment
-taught to five ascetics
whom used to practice ex-
treme ascetic w/him
-upon hearing these teach-
ings-the 5 made up first
members of Sangha
- fundamental Bud teach-
ings come from here:
- 4 nobel truth (Bud
Creed/truth claims)
- They are categories of ex-
perience - realities
- Define the central prob of
existence (there is suffering
and comes from desires)
- These are a solution: the
eight fold path
- 4 truth function as a con-
ceptual framework for un-
derstanding other teach-
ings.
_____________________
-Buddha exerting funda-
mental 4 noble truths
-defines central problems
of existence-outlines suf-
fering & possibility for
cessation
-not dogmatic-categories
regulated by experience
-puts forth 8 fold path
-developing the central
framework of Buddhist
thought

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Line Name Significance in Text Significance in Bud
3 -“ Then, monks,
those beings came
together and lame-
nated…
Criticize who ever
should be criti-
cized … accuse
who ever should
be accused …
Coming being
criticize who ever
you want to criti-
cize
27th sutta in the
Digha Nikaya --
Aggnna Sutta
- The Knowledge of
beginnings
- A buddhist genesis
- an alternate description of the
creation story from the rig
vedas
- 2 students of the buddha ap-
proach to hear a talk on Dham-
ma
- Talks about the caste system
and how it is flawed
- The highest place in the caste
system, given to the Khattiya,
is not because of status, wealth
or race but bc of ones DHAM-
MA
- Due to greed wickedness
arises and a leaders is needed
to help control this
- Importance to contrast the
caste system of the Brahmin
(where the leader enjoys a
privileged status) -> where
here moral conduct is declared
to be more important than lin-
eage
________________________
-explanation of creation of
universe
-two of Buddha’s followers
approach Buddha to hear
talk on caste system
-asserts that understanding
of caste system based on
race/money/wealth=flawed
-says that Khattya-caste-rul-
ing class are appointed in
accordance of Dhamma
-person who will
criticize/accuse etc
-giving bowl of our rice is
- sets out a caste system for
the entire buddhist tradi-
tions to be based on
DHAMMA
- Dhamma is the most im-
portant path of practice in
buddhism
_____________________
-reasserts the importance
of the Dhamma in every
context
-this passage shows how
Dhamma is even attrib-
uted to social division
-strikes down assumption
of race or wealth factor
-Dhamma-best thing at
any stage in life thus ap-
pointed is in rightful
place
-reasserting the centrali-
ty of Dhamma in all as-
pects of Buddhism
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