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Final

RLG100 Complete Exam Review.doc


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG100Y1
Professor
Andre Maintenay
Study Guide
Final

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RLG 100Y Major Religious Traditions, East and West
RLG 280Y World Religions: A Comparative Study
Study Terms for Final Exam.
Western Religions
Prophecy
people who were empowered by God to carry his message
part of the western religions’ common worldview
appear at critical moments to shape evolutions
express the idea that God is working and interested in activity of human beings
and devoted to guiding humanity to good
Monotheism
belief in the existence of only one God
part of the western religions’ common worldview
humans are made in the image of God
God is interested in our well being
Judaism
Covenant
an agreement or contract specifying exactly what human behaviour is acceptable
to God and giving a divine mandate to the Israelites’ social laws
The central organizing concept in the Israelites’ religion
God and Abraham
1. Promise of decedents
2. Circumscions
3. Promise of land
The events which take place in regards to Judaism (both good and bad)
are seen as punishment or reward for abiding by the covenants
Diaspora
‘dispersal’, the Jewish world outside the land of ancient Israel ;it began with the

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Babylonian Exile, from which not all the Jews returned in year 70
Hebrew bible- Old testament
24 books
Contains psalms
Contains 3 sections, the torah, nevi’im( all accounts of prophetic
messages) and kethuvim(stories or creative literature)
Babylonian exile
when Jews got exiled from the holy land
Began with the first King of Hebrews dying causing a split in Northern
and southern sections
The southern section(Judea) by the Babylonians
Jews begin to introspect about sins
Evolution of synagogues
( use terms such as synagogues and rabbinic Judaism)
The second temple-
was destroyed and never rebuilt in 70
See Babylonian exile, synagogues and rabbinic Judaism
Haggadah/halakha-
Haggadah is the legal interpretations where as the hagadah is the literary strain
that aims of teaching a lesson through stories.
Involved in Talmud
Torah-
a word meaning ‘teaching’ or ‘instruction’; applied most specifically to the Law
of Moses( the Pentateuch) but may also refer to the entire scripture, including
commentaries, and even the entire spiritual thrust of Jewish religion
Tanakh
the entire Hebrew Bible, consisting of Torah or law, Nebi’im or prophets, and

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Ketuvim or sacred writings, and named as an acronym of these three terms
Mishnah
the Hebrew summary of the oral law-inherited from Pharisaism and ascribed to
Moses-arranged by topic; edited by Rabbi Judah ha-Nasi before 220 CE, it has an
authority paralleling that of the written Torah
Organized in six orders or divisions
1. Seeds (agriculture)
2. Festivals
3. Women
4. Damages (torts)
5. Holy Things (ritual)
6. Purifications
The Mishnah of Rabbi Judah the Prince and the Tofesa are of equal value
in Tannaitic traditions( repeaters or teachers)
Claims of its authoritive nature stem from the belief that accompanying
the 5 books ascribed to Moses was a another body of precedent
interpretation passed down through oral traditions within moses’s
bloodline
Talmud-
commentary on the Mishnah
2 different kinds
Consists of the Mishnah and a commentary called a gemarah
Gemarah is amaric not Hebrew like the Mishnah
Records arguments of more then 2000 sages about ways to resolve issues
of the Mishnah
Strictly legal
Sometimes led to halakha, a prescription or answer as to how to live your
life
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