Protestant Reformation, Christian Denomnations

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16 Feb 2011
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World Religions October 18th, 2011.
Protestant Reformation, Christian Denominations
Reading: Ch. 3 “The Christian Tradition,” pp. 175-197
Relationships between monasteries and churches functioned as wing of the church
for people interested in a particular location and later on they would have a much
more sinister kind of function, e.g. major monostatic was given position of
conducting the inquiries into people faith/beliefs and disciplining people
accordingly—torture and death
Veneration of saints/relics
Over the centuries, church developed criteria for sainthood and a chronicle list of
saints
German bishop in end of 10th century
Saints functioned as a heavenly senate or society, which served various functions
Each saint was associated with a virtue and was empowered to bestow blessings
on individuals
Practice of venerating saints and of engaging in ritual act associated with the
veneration of saints, e.g. pilgrimage, these were practices that were extraordinarily
common in middle ages and represent one major facet of Christian practice in the
middle ages
In early church, people grew close to saints and so it became customary to have
the their bodies
End of 8th century, it became mandatory to have some sort fo relic associated with
some saint as the basis for the foundation of a new sanctuary
Relics were tangible objects that were considered to have certain powers and
taught to contain an almost magical power to transform lives and people traveled
from far to visit particular locations associated with particular saints
Pilgrimage very common in medieval Europe
Major theological issues is also of the relationship b/w good and evil
Today most Christian churches think of hell as a place of spiritual estrangement
rather than a literal place you go
However hell used to be seen as a literal place, establishing imagery of what hell
may be, reflection of the role of the devil, Satans power struggle with God
Evil was considered to be in the midst of humanity, constant struggle b/w good
and evil
Devil/dark side was subject of continuous contemplation and so we see reflections
of the consequences of sin and evil, punishment for evil
Origin of sin is an urgent concern in liertual of medieval Christianity and we see
its literal and material affects in the institution of inquisition
Concern with the enemy at the boarder was immediate for political and religious
leaders
Islam began in 7th century with the death of Muhammed
Within 100 years it takes over lands controlled by Christians
Initially nothing substantive is done about it
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Document Summary

Islam began in 7th century with the death of muhammed: within 100 years it takes over lands controlled by christians. Initially nothing substantive is done about it www. notesolution. com: sense that medieval christianity views holy land as having a religious right to it, but once it comes under control of islam, christian expectations change. Jewish communities suffered greatly during crusades: crusades very significantly left lasting legacy of mistrust b/w christianity and. Protestant reformation: tremendous criticism of the church, e. g. practice of selling and buying of clerical orifices. October 18th, 2011: many piast people who put themselves out there to criticize practices and hold church responsible for socially and religious problematic traditions. Martin luther: gets caught in severe thunderstorm and prays to st. anne and said if he survives he"ll become a monk, he gives up his studies of law and decides to join a monastery and pursues theological education. Collect revenue for particular projects of that the church committed itself to.

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