Textbook Notes for Test 2-Islam

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5 Aug 2010
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Islam Æ Textbook Notes:
Hijra:
1) PDUNVWKHSRLQWDWZKLFK0XKDPPDG¶VPHVVDJHZDVIDYRUDEO\UHFHLYHG
2) marks the start of the Islamic community
- 1st Islamic mosque ± Yathrib
- Yathrib = Medina
- 3 most sacred cities of Islam = Jerusalem, Mecca, Medina
- 630 ± victorious ± Muhammad took control of Mecca (goal was to convert
Mecca)
o destroyed all images in the Kabah
o institutionalize his religious ideals
- took over Arabia ± planned on Syria but died
- 632 ± Died in Yathrib
- Muhammad = ideal human being; model for all believers
- 5 pillars ± Islam practices
- shape the tradition of Islam
- method of identifying those with an Islamic background and those without
- shows devotion to God
- Shahadah ± Creed ± 1st thing recited to newborns, the first sentence is written
everywhere in the dome ceilings and doors of mosques ³WKHUHLVQR*RGEXW
$OODKDQG0XKDPPDGLVKLVPHVVHQJHU´
- Salat ± prayer ± 5 times a day ± devotion to god ± means of communication with
the divine
- Sawn ± Fasting during the Ramadan ± purpose: discipline oneself, develop
sympathy for the poor and hungry, give other what one would have eaten
o Important bond that unites Muslims during the period of shared fasting
known as Ramadan
- Hajj ± Pilgrimage to Mecca ± fulfilling religious commands, rewards
o Brings people together
o Allows for travel experience
o Unity
o Powerful symbol of an interior journey to the spiritual goals of new
understanding and personal transformation
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Document Summary

Hijra: 2,78905439,9. :,22,/82088,0,81,;47,-70. 0;0, marks the start of the islamic community. 3 most sacred cities of islam = jerusalem, mecca, medina. 630 victorious muhammad took control of mecca (goal was to convert. Mecca: destroyed all images in the kabah institutionalize his religious ideals took over arabia planned on syria but died. Muhammad = ideal human being; model for all believers shape the tradition of islam. Method of identifying those with an islamic background and those without. Shahadah creed 1st thing recited to newborns, the first sentence is written everywhere in the dome ceilings and doors of mosques 90708344/-:9. Salat prayer 5 times a day devotion to god means of communication with the divine.

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