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RLG100Y1 Final: Complete and Comprehensive 36 Page Final Exam Study Guide Fall 2015Premium

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RLG100 – World Religions
Final Exam Study Guide
University of Toronto St. George – Fall 2015

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RLG100 - Lecture 1 - Intro to Religion
-Different people have different practices around the world can be seen in clothing, hair,
-Religion is a much more than just temples, priests, praying.
-Religion dictates the way we act, how we die, how we love and how we work.
-Religion works in overt and covert ways.
-If we don’t understand history or religion and preoccupation of history, we don’t have an
understanding of the world.
-What is religion? Comes from Latin word “religio” context of Christianity.
-The idea of joining something, the notion of joining oneself to something greater.
-Idea presented by Christian churches in 1900.
-Christianity began in 1400, Catholic Church sent off missionaries to other countries.
-Hope of expanding Christianity as a religion, antecedent of Christianity is Judaism, rivals
of Christianity.
-Historically religion was associated with Christianity.
-Marco Polo travelled into Mongolia, China wrote engaging accounts of his travel a lot of
people engaged in his adventures.
-In 1400 age of exploration in Europe.
-1400-1500 century various seeking adventure, May 1500 Portuguese travelling looking
from economic increase spice.
-Traders from Europe trading with India and China from help from Arabic merchants.
-1488 Button successfully from Portugal got to Asia.
-The discovery of other communities, religion traditions.
-The age of adventure voyages brought back knowledge to Europe about other religions
in other countries.
-Europeans learning about other countries cultures, printing press invented in 1600
easier to spread information.
-1500 Europeans learn more about Asian cultures, learn about Asian practices.
-Engage in serious reflection of Asian practices.
-The missionaries go out and approach other cultures and traditions with an end goal to
convert them to Christianity.
-The missionaries read and learned Asian cultures, also translated these scriptures into
their language and sent them to Europe.
-1600 renaissance begins in Europe, coming out of dark ages.
-A period of great flourishing arts and culture in European community.
-Rediscovery of Greek and roman arts, classical treasures (Greek philosophy).
-Late 1700-1800 enlightenment modern western history evolution of liberal idea, idea of
democracy, rights and liberty.
-Governing of two dominant ideas “age of reason” evolving conclusion based on logic,
getting away from religious way of doing thing, science.
-New age of thinking, increasingly a critique of church begins splits into two Catholic and

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-Criticism of church doctrines inspired by the scriptures of China and India.
- Theories of religion emerged around this time.
RLG100 - Lecture 2 - Intro to Religion
Continuation of Lecture 1:
-Inspired by other cultures, their new insight.
-Increased their critique of Christianity.
-19th century Christianity to a lot criticism.
-Enlightenment (Rationality).
-Two major factors that influenced study of religion in 19th century.
-One was the realization of other sophisticated religions outside of the critiqued religion of
-How to understand other religions that don’t fit the mold of Christianity, necessity for
theorizing religion.
-Second is the theory of evolution by Charles Darwin which was highly controversial.
-Idea of evolution applied to race, primitive varieties of race.
-Another influential person is Herbert Spencer “Social Darwinism”.
-Monotheism is the most civilized religion.
-Two kinds of theorists emerge in 19th century evolutionists, and secular atheists who
wish to learn about religion.
- Discipline of Anthropology 19th century one of the earliest theorist of religion Edward
Tylor (Anthropologist) basic idea that all cultures are more or less sophisticated forms of
spirit worship.
-“Primitive religions” had an intuition the world is alive with spirits (tree,water).
-As religions evolved they changed into a more complex matter.
- Edward Tylor: animism at the heart of all religions.
-James Frazier and his most famous work “The Golden Bough”, religion is related to the
phenomenon of magic.
-Our relationship to religion to is like our relationship to magic.
-Max Muller involved a linguistic approach to religion.
-He studied the ancient Sanskrit scriptures of India very widely.
-Religion is a disease of language, ancient Primitive people were overpowered by natural
-They evolved languages to and developed gods based on those natural forces.
-Europeans found that there was a close correspondence between Sanskrit to main
European language in grammar.
-Lead to a great deal of excitement and theorizing.
-Indo Europeans theory evolved where that family was located.
-One big linguistic family, different branch of the same family.
-Marx's theories about society, economics and politics, the collective understanding of
which is known as Marxism.
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