Part 1: Terms – 5% each, 40% total01:45
The philosophical and most recently composed portion of the 4 Vedas- the sacred texts of the
Hindu tradition. The term Upanishad translates to “sitting near” and refers to a period of
intellectual and philosophical inquiry that developed following the earlier Vedic period. In
contrast to the predominantly ritual and sacrifice based texts of the earlier vedas, the Upanishads
reflect a shift in focus towards a focus on aquiring a higher knowledge and the quest for
Enlightenment. It exists predominantly in the form of conversations that take place between two
people, most often a teacher and his student. These conversations address many questions of life
especially reguarding the relationship between god (Brahman) and the self (atman).
*Guru Granth Sahib (Adi Granth on TT3)
An early convert to the christian religion, as a result of an aparent personal encounter with the
post-resurected Jesus. While not one of the original 12 deciples of jesus (aposles), Paul is
believed to have played a major role in the early development the christian tradition, as he
traveled around the Eastern mediteranian spreading the teaching of christ, and converted many
people. While traveling he maintained communication with the early christian comunities
through letters, which today represent the ealiest christina literature. In his letters, he is said to
have reffered to himself as the “apostle of the gentiles), as he stressed the excepance of Jews and
Non-jews alike as coverts. He rejecting the need to convert to Judaism, or follow the many laws
associated with the tradition, in order to attain salvation. Instead claimed that faith in jesus alone
was all that was necisary. He was later executed by the romans, as he was considered a threat to
their political power.
-Originally persecuted Nazarenes untill his conversion experience on the road to Damascus.
Nazarenes early followers of jesus.