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question 6 of 2011 final exam

Course Code
Andre Maintenay
Study Guide

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6. In this class, we have proposed that all major world religions are attempting to answer
the same set of basic questions, such as who we are, how our world came into being and how
it works, what is our relationship to the larger world and to each other, how we should
conduct ourselves in the world. The Western religions and the Indic religions interpret the
same set of data in fundamentally different ways. Compare and contrast the overall
worldviews of the Western Religions and the Indic Religions. Having done so, comment on
how these different worldviews understand the existence of evil, and what role these
worldviews envision for ethical action.
Eastern Traditions
Unavoidable suffering
Constant change/ desire causes suffering
Karma- element of control in regards to how much a person may suffer
PUNARJANMA- ladder of existence influenced by Karma
MOKSHA- freedom from the cycle of suffering
Western Traditions
Original sin- unavoidable because born into it
But have control to a certain degree, if choose to follow religious law
Follow precepts/ commandments and reach salvation
Similar because both have unavoidable elements, which are SIN and SUFFERING. They
are also similar because the practitioners of these religions have control to a certain degree/
option for escape.
Different because in Western traditions, there needs to be a higher power to assist with
escape, while in the Eastern Traditions escape can be seen as an independent matter.
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