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RLG280Y1- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 22 pages long!)


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG280Y1
Professor
Walid Saleh
Study Guide
Final

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UTSG
RLG280Y1
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Lecture 6
-Modern secular nation > Indonesia
-Theocracy > When a religion holds position of power
-Islam is a political and religious movement
-Muhammad born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
> sheppard
> Cleaning of his heart
- Two men came to him with golden basins filled with snow. They opened his chest and took
a black drop out
>As a young boy one day as he took off his shirt, a supernatural force slapped him. Shows how
modesty is important for women in islam, as well as men.
>known for his modesty
> he became a trader and used to travel a lot
-Ka'aba was claimed by local pre-islamic groups before
> was filled with 360 idols before
-Muhammad was illiterate. An angel recited the message of God. He verbally reiterated the
angel's words to scribes.
> Quran revealed in sections over 23 years
-Khadijah was the first person to follow islam, followed by Ali, then Abu Bakr.
-Abu Bakr was the first caliph of Islam
> he converted many people to islam
> Father of Ayesha, one of Muhammad's wives
-Muhammad was from the Quraysh tribe. He was spurned when he was trying to spread the
message he was given. He was seen as rejecting their Gods and idols. He was being
blasphemous.
-The Quran went down through oral tradition but was written by scribes.
-The Quran is the central text of Islam
-Muhammad's life example is authorative.
> tacit consent. If he didn't say no to a notion, it was believed that Muhammad was accepting of
it
-Hadith
>six collections
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-There are groups that do not take the sunnah and hadith to be accurate.
-Shariah
> meant to standardize laws and give guidance to Muslims
-In 200 years Islam expanded from Spain to China.
> largest empire in human civilization
> overgrew Roman empire
-Dar al-Islam
>geographical regions that were ruled by Islam
> the religion of the prophet because the basis for social order
> the Jews and Christians were protected and were tolerated
-Islam is one of the fastest growing religions in the world.
-Declaration: There is no God, but Allah and Muhammad is his messenger
-Alms giving connects to the poor and service to God
>giving charity to anyone
-Ramadan
> Fasting from dawn to sunset
>during the fast cannot eat, drink, smoke, or partake in sex
> celebrates the month that Islam was revealed to Muhammad
-Have to do Hajj once in a lifetime in Mecca
-13 percent of the world's Muslims come from Indonesia. All the Arab regions make up 20
percent.
-There was a division of the Muslim community soon after the death of Muhammad.
Schools of Islam
-Shi'ite
> support Ali, Muhammad's son in-law, as his successor
> he should be the first Imam (prayer leader)
> he is the rightful heir
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