Study Guide for Test 1

55 views8 pages
Published on 27 Jun 2011
School
UTSG
Department
Religion
Course
RLG210Y1
Professor
Sociology of Religion
Summary of Notes for Test 1
Lecture 1
Sociology study of religion made up of:
Social factors of religious beliefs, actions
Significance of religion in social life and history
Knowledge in social sciences are found objectively w/o bias
Vocabulary
Ontology nature of being, reality or existence and constitutively
What the world is and how it works
Ex: True explanation = describing a desks moving atoms on a subatomic level
Epistemology nature of knowledge; relationships between the known and knower
Religion claims 2 levels of reality
Mundane reality
Dependent on ultimatesuper reality
Higher order
Involves personal/universal forces
Ex: karma, mana (cosmic power), chi/ dao
Responsible for world
Includes spirits and god(s)
Difference between sociology and psychology
Psychology > individual based
Sociology > individual as social construct (i.e. group trends/ societal aspects)
Individual merely part of a whole and that whole(societies) determine
what the people(individuals) will be like
Idea of society is conceived in the mind
oDoesnt have physical needs
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 8 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Difficulties with Sociology of religion
Regular sciences point of study is external from scientists
Social sciences studying other people
There is a challenge how to completely take out bias from experiments
Subject matter is talking animal
Religion implies another state of reality that is responsible for our reality
Basis under all beliefs
Social scientists cant test it empirically and people with faith claims cant be
validated
Example of epistemology (nature of knowledge)
Ultimate reality escapes unreligious peoples awareness
Scientists practice methological agnosticism cannot affirm nor disprove religious faith
beliefs
Faith statements = claims of believers to divine truth
Not empirical
3 types of faith statements
Declarative > God is love. (facts)
Performative > Om, I believe in the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
Being a religious faith believer
Emotive > expressing feelings about faith
language close to poetry
Evidence for these are internal to each particular religious tradition
Not translatable to other faiths
Lecture 2 Epistemological and Methodological Challenges of Religious
Studies
Ontology (The nature of being) of astrology BEFORE Copernicus
oBelieved in geo-centric universe
oPlanetary orbits are circular
Humans can have certain empathy when studying other humans
oCan have dialogue with subjects
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 8 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
oOur own experiences give studiers an insight
Max Weber said social sciences have understanding with its subject
Parable of the two explorers and the garden
oEpistemological situation
oTwo explorers come across a beautiful garden (one believing, one skeptical)
oBelieving explorer says there is a gardener for garden
oSkeptical explorer says it is natures work
oAfter many tests (waiting, setting traps) to prove there is a gardener, the
believer still thinks there is one.
No proof will un-prove a persons beliefs
Epistemological situation:
(1)Believer vs. non-believer/other religious believers
(2)Split between subjective and objective ways of knowing
a.Believers experiences seem objective to them but to others subjective
DILEMNA:
oSocial science cant access the Divine domain
oAccounts can be seen as reductionistic by religious believers
oInsider vs. outsider polarity cant be overcome b/c distinctive ontological (nature
of being”) claims
Also called methodological atheism or methodological agnosticism
Carlos Castaneda
Became some sort of a guru about his theories about the universe
oWrote many books about his peyote use
oInterested in relationship between psychotropic plants and religious beliefs in
Mexico
A brujo, Don Juan, took Castaneda in a crossover into the spirit world (nagual) from
everyday life (tonal)
At first Castaneda was applauded for his approach > but then disowned as subjective
Religion
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 8 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Lectu re 1: sociology study of religion made up of, social factors of religious beliefs, actions, significance of religion in social life and history, knowledge in social sciences are found objectively w/o bias. Nature of being , reality or existence and constitutively: what the world is and how it works, ex: true explanation = describing a desk"s moving atoms on a subatomic level, epistemology. Nature of knowledge; relationships between the known and knower: religion claims 2 levels of reality, mundane reality.  dependent on ultimate super reality: higher order. Involves personal/universal forces: ex: karma, mana (cosmic power), chi/ dao. Includes spirits and god(s: difference between sociology and psychology, psychology > individual based, sociology > individual as social construct (i. e. group trends/ societal aspects) Individual merely part of a whole and that whole(societies) determine what the people(individuals) will be like. Idea of society is conceived in the mind: doesn"t have physical needs www. notesolution. com.