ENV100H1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Leonardo Boff, Orbis Books, Ecotheology

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Published on 10 Feb 2017
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ENV100 Post-Test 2/Pre-Exam Readings Review
Social Ecology: Poverty and Misery by Leonardo Boff
Ecotheology: Voices from North and South, Orbis Books
Global Crisis
We face many crises: economic, energy, social, education, moral, ecological, etc.
First visible characteristics: strict distinction between poverty/misery and riches/wealth
o Seen both globally (between countries) and individually between countries
o Minority benefits from abundant resources, majority lack basic elements of life
Three Critial Resposes to Today’s “oiety
1. Liberation movements of the oppressed exploitation economic growth poverty
This soiet is’t uilt o life/oo good, ut o eoo/ealth hua eploitatio
o Unlimited growth in the shortest time possible (min investment, max profit)
Directed by an ideal of development from the natural resources and unlimited possibilities
o All living things lose their value instrumentalist and mechanical
This creation of wealth creates poverty (development leads to underdevelopment)
Propose a development that responds to the demands of all, not only the strong
2. Pacifist and active non-violence groups inequality violence/conflicts competition
Society of unequal development generates violence
o Consequence of the domination of powerful countries over those behind it
o Cout’s poe is ased o tehologial ad sietifi adaes
Conflicts produced: ethnic, gender, religion
Society promotes competition (exclusion/ranks)
Propose models of society that seek justice through social democracy
3. Ecological movements wealth environmental destruction human crises
“oiet’s podutio of ealth is also deastatig the eioet
o Most abundant by-products: garbage, toxic/radioactive wastes, acid rain, deterioration of the
ozone layer, poisoning of the land/water/air
o Leads to hunger, disease, lack of housing/education, social crises
Especially to the weak, poor, and marginalized
Propose an ecological culture (awareness for stewardship) well-being of humans and nature
An Immense Equilibrium: Social Ecology
Poverty and misery are social issues (not natural/predestined phenomena)
Social ecology seeks to study the relationships bw the members of society + its institutions + nature
Ecology conservationism
o Ecology does’t only care about those threatened by extinction
o Not enough to preserve only natural parks/reserves mere ecological tourism
Ecology environmentalism
o Ecology knows that humans are also part of the environment (not only nature)
This pespetie a e ati-huaisti
o Political environmentalism only seeking harmony bw society and the environment in order to find ways
to plunder the environment w/o affecting much of human habitat
We must seek a social ecology that is capable of articulating social justice
o Poverty and misery = social issues that must be resolved socially
1. What is Social Ecology?
UN’s fist iteatioal ofeee o the eioet “tokhol, 
o Two basic perspectives: North environmentalism; South social and political aspects
Eduado Gudas Uugua: the stud of hua sstes i iteatio ith eioetal sstes
o Human systems: individuals, societies, societal systems
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Document Summary

Social ecology: poverty and misery by leonardo boff. Ecotheology: voices from north and south, orbis books. We face many crises: economic, energy, social, education, moral, ecological, etc. First visible characteristics: strict distinction between poverty/misery and riches/wealth. Seen both globally (between countries) and individually between countries: minority benefits from abundant resources, majority lack basic elements of life. Three criti(cid:272)al respo(cid:374)ses to today"s o(cid:272)iety: liberation movements of the oppressed exploitation economic growth poverty. This so(cid:272)iet(cid:455) is(cid:374)"t (cid:271)uilt o(cid:374) life/(cid:272)o(cid:373)(cid:373)o(cid:374) good, (cid:271)ut o(cid:374) e(cid:272)o(cid:374)o(cid:373)(cid:455)/(cid:449)ealth (cid:894)hu(cid:373)a(cid:374) e(cid:454)ploitatio(cid:374)(cid:895: unlimited growth in the shortest time possible (min investment, max profit) Directed by an ideal of development from the natural resources and unlimited possibilities: all living things lose their value instrumentalist and mechanical. This creation of wealth creates poverty (development leads to underdevelopment) Propose a development that responds to the demands of all, not only the strong: pacifist and active non-violence groups inequality violence/conflicts competition.

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