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University of Toronto St. George
School of Environment
Stephen Scharper

ENV100H1- Term Test #1 Review Important People Rachel Carson - Author of “Silent Spring” published by Houghton Mifflin, imagined a spring without bird’s song - “These chemicals are not pesticides, but biocides” - Pesticides, pollution of the environment, ban of DDT, effects on birds AND humans Jane Jacobs - Community based environmental and city thinker, who lived in NY and prevented some highways from emerging in Manhattan, then moved to Toronto. - She talked about the importance of cities having dynamism and concentrated life force and density as key to the vitality of a city, along with integrity of natural spaces. - Screech owls along with a lot of other wildlife have permanent habitats in cities because of urban planning (plan for biotic communities, not only human) Henry David Thoreau - Author of Walden (simple living), jail for resisting taxes, - Try to find a way through industrial revolution, find non-human meaning in human world. Concern for people who are enslaved, and a way of living a life of true meaning; not leading lives of quiet desperation. - For 2 years lived off the grid; lived in the woods, writing and reflecting on nature. Civil disobedience; there’s controversy about pipelines, prominent people being arrested for opposing. Environmental and social issues being used this way. Concern for social justice, and integrity with non-human nature. - “Walking”: regard man as a part of nature rather than a member of society. Art of walking. Legs were made to walk with not sit upon. Walk not to exercise, but to seek an adventure for the day. Soon fences will be multiplied and will confine men to public road, and walking over surfaces of God will be considered trespassing; enjoy it before the evil days come. What is the intrinsic value of nature apart from economic one? Wildness (not leading a life of quiet desperation) is the preservation of the world. William Butler Yeats - Irish poet; the Lake Isle of Innisfree, inspired by Thoreau’s Walden - Wishes to leave the city and go to remote place where life is simple, beauty of mother nature, imitate Thoreau David Orr - Professor of Environmental Studies at Oberlin College in Ohio, initiator of the Oberlin Project (improve the resilience, prosperity, and sustainability of our community. The aim is to revitalize the local economy, eliminate carbon emissions, restore local agriculture, food supply and forestry, and create a new sustainable base for economic and community development). Oberlin College was the first college to accept blacks and also to accept women as equal to men. - 6 myths of modern education; 6 principles of rethinking education; important; “It is largely the results of work by people with BAs, BSs, LLBs, MBAs and PhDs” Thomas Berry - Priest; author of “the Christian Future and the Faith of the Earth”, “the 12 Principles for Understanding the Universe and the Role of the Human in the Universe Process” - “We have a choice about our future, we are either: going towards the Technozoic era, rendering our planet as a “wasteworld”, or we are moving into a Ecozoic period, developing economies and technologies that seek to work with, rather than against, the life systems of the plant and help effect a “wonderworld." - Views the human immersed not only in the biotic community but also within the universe itself. Need a call away from consumerism and to engage in a deeper communion with all of creation. The universe is a communion of subjects as opposed to a collection of objects. The human is represented as the biotic or cosmological subject pointing towards a new ontology driven by our current ecological state. Aldo Leopold - Father of Land Ethics; author of A Sand County Almanac, Game Management, famous essay “what would the mountain think?”, went to Yale school of Forestry & Environmental studies - Quotes: “quit thinking about decent land use as solely an economic problem”, "There is as yet no ethic dealing with man's relation to land and to the animals and plants which grown upon it. Land, like Odysseus' slave-girls, is still property. The land relation is strictly economic, entailing privileges but not obligations, “That land is a community is the basic concept of ecology, but that land is to be loved and respected is an extension of ethics.” - Viewed conservation
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