Final Exam Review 4 ENV.docx

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School of Environment
Stephen Scharper

EXAM Review for ENV Words of the day: Prolix=wordy Hegira=flight to escape danger or go to a better place prelapsarin=characteristic of belonging to the time/state b4 human kind recrudescence=revival, return penultimate= 2 to last anthropomorphize=attributes of humans in non-human things (ex: animals) zeitgeistoverall cultural politically What is Edu 4? SIX myths of modern edu 1. Ignorance is a solvable problem 2. With enuff tech nd knowledge we can manage the planet only thing manageable is us, our desires and needs/wants reshape ourselves to fit planet NOT reshape planet to fit our desires 3. Knowledge and human goodness is increasing 4. We can restore whats been lost /destroyed(referring to curriculum) weve destroyed the edu curriculum over the yrs weve been told to follow certain rules but these rules isolate us from the outside world students lv school unprepared and with no real knowledge 5. To give students the means for upward mobility and success world doesnt need more successful ppl we need peacekeepers and caregivers whats good success if u dont have a planet to be successful in #1 target is money ex: water shud b free yet all these companies sell water + ppl buy it 6. Our culture is superior SIX principles of rethinking edu 1. All edu is env edu 2. Goal of edu isnt to master in a subject but to master in knowning yourself and life 3. Knowledge must be used well in the wolrd (not kill) 4. We cnt say we no something till we understand its affects on real ppl 5. Role models and good institutions of intergrity and enfleshed ideas 6. Process is key for learning (not wut u learn but how u learn) Reconstructions: know how to grow food know how to build shelters how to use solar energy knowledge of flora, fauna, soils (use stranded on desert ex) Wilderness displacement from protected areas is one of the most controversial British romanticism: the production of wilderness as a landscape has strong connections to the romanticism that developed in the late 18 century (associated with artists, writers and poets such as Coleridge, Shelly, Wordsworth and others) these artists were among those who gave new values, a new aesthetics, to wilderness by replacing an orientation to the picturesque landscape with something a little bit more dramatic the picturesque landscape often featured meandering brooks, ruined cottages, a gnarled tree in the foreground, and perhaps a milkmaid or shepherd the romantic sublime landscape, however, was a more brooding landscape, often shown with overbearing mountains and reflecting something wild and stirring Green Roofs green roofs retain water +nutrients and protect the roof indigenous soils for green roofs retain storm water and heat in the summer Aldo Leopold scientist/scholar/teacher/philosopher father or wildlife, ecology, env spokesperson for ecocentric not anthropocentric says: we shud be a member of land not the conqueror of it Walking- Henry David Thoreau Regard a man as an inhabitant or a part of nature, rather than a member of society Therere enough champions and conquerors or land and civilization, the minister, school committee etc. Sauntering has nothing to do with exercising or walking because of obligation or health issues, its main focus is to explore nature and voluntarily walk and wonder through nature mans improvements( cutting down trees building houses & buildings) are destroying nature we need to walk, it helps our spiritual life, peaceful, successful saunter =no having a home but feeling at home anywhere in nature The Mountains of California-A Near View of the High Sierra-John Muir John Muir took a jorney to climb mountain ritter nts* hes very descriptive on his descriptions very detailed like his artwork when he was near an avalanche and came to dead stop its like an angel saved him Land Ethic-Aldo Leopold ethic ecologically means a limitation on freedom of action in the struggle 4 existence ethic philosophically is the diff bwtn right/wrong ethic human env is the evolutionary possibility and an ecological necessity golden rule tries to mis the individual to society; democracy emerges social organization to the individual ethics are a kind of community instinct in the making The land ethic enlarges the boundaries of the community to include soils, waters, plants, animals and land We are not treating the world as we should ex: not the water because we r sending and spilling sewage into the rivers and lakes etc A land ethic changes the role of Homo Sapiens from conqueror of the land-community to plain member and citizen of it The conqueror role eventually leads to self-defeating (makes someone think they know everything, what is valuable to the earth etc, when in reality it is the opposite that is truly valuable and truth/fact)Citizens think that science knows everything and is what makes the community Obey law, vote, join organizations, practice conservation and the gov. Will do the rest it defines no right or wrong, assigns no obligation or sacrifice, implies no change Wildflowers and songbirds; there are over 22,000 but only 5 % could be put to use these creature are part of the community, and if stability depends on its integrity these creature are then entitled to continuance clearly we dont love this creature because when something we love is being threatened we give it value and economic importance (give money to make it live) and we arent doing that with these creatures Man is one of the reason to the height and complexity of the land pyramid Land is a fountain of energy flowing through a circuit of soils, plants, and animals Energy circuit conveys 3 basic things: 1)land is not only soil 2) native plants and animals keep the energy circuit open, others dont 3) man made changes are in different order than evolutionary, it has more comprehensive effects than is intended or foreseen History and ecology seems to support one general deduction: less violent man-made changes= greater probability of successful readjustments in the pyramid Conservation is our effort to understand and preserve this capacity Conservationist are notorious for their dimensions in each field one group (a) regards the land as soil
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