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ENV222H Interdisciplinary Environmental Studies/
March 29 lecture see previous notes
UN Global environmental outlook: earths surface is warming, more than 2 million people die
due to air pollution, the hole in the strata sphere is now the largest it has ever been, per capita for
fresh water is decreasing, and water quality is not drinkable. Ecosystems are exploited; wild fish,
whale species, natural resources. The state has not been completely successful.
If the world were to go in a global depression, if the global economy had stayed in depression we
would see environmental improvement, but it would be unrelated to direct efforts to protect the
Mainstream action being taken by those in power: environmental protection policy being
implemented by states at the international and domestic level; improvements to firm
environmental management; actions to reduce impacts being taken in civil society: taken
together, these can be categorized as follows:
The Montreal Protocol – the most successful of the multi lateral environmental agreement. Ie.
Banning CFCs. Relatively low cost, very specific. There has been successful global actions,
using environmental laws to address global problems.
Weakness with states: the don’t have to participate, they can drop out at anytime, weakening of
standards, because there is no global government. These international agreements are not
implement by global authorities, the are implemented by individual countries.
We need to increase the environmental protection budget. Figure out ways to increase the
financial budget – maybe an international taxation, ie. 10$ on airplanes. And this money will
contribute to international organizations.
The problem is on the agenda, internationally, in both north and south – agree that there is a
problem that needs to be acted upon. The foundation of rules in the state and market – we
understand the issues, what we need to do now is strengthen the tools to work on these problems.
Behaviour change is happening but its in the margins.
22) March 31 Accelerate current mainstream action
Part 5) What should we do now?
Ontario Environment Network (1991). Sustainability As If We Mean It: An Action Agenda
Prepared by Ontario`s Citizens Groups and Environmental Organizations. Guelph, Ont.: Ontario
Note: students are not expected to fully digest the mass of detail in these recommendations. As
noted below, please review Part B carefully but for the rest simply note the sectors addressed
and get the general flavour of the recommendations.