SOC212H1 Study Guide - Herbert Blumer, Symbolic Interactionism, Social Disorganization Theory

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Published on 25 Jul 2012
School
UTSG
Department
Sociology
Course
SOC212H1
Page:
of 4
1/09/2012
Crime and Deviance in the Chicago School SOC 358
-assignment not due until the fourth week
-In class Midterm: 6th class - February 13 2012
-no multiple choice: short & long essay
What is the chicago school?
opposes “big theories”
Important concepts:
1)naturalism - we should study people and processes in their natural context
-straightforward
2 names for the chicago school:
PARK
BURGESS
on the ground approach”
you have to go places, talk to people, experience things/ see things before
coming to any real conclusions on what you’re looking at
the name behind Urban Ecology ; the city was a sociologists laboratory
[the concentric zones & social disorganization]
different neighbourhoods have different characteristics (each represents a differ-
ent part i.e. chicago and part of the challenge for sociologists job is to seek what
the unique characteristics
SHAW - dissertation “the jack roller - a delinquint boys own story” (a
pickpocket/thief) - the different processes where the character stan-
ley becomes a ‘jack roller’
used “own story” data/ life history
people did not take seriously that you can talk to own person, get to know ev-
erything about them, family, any personal details - use biographies as data
focus on the narrative and biographies and how people
change over time
& colleague MCKAY- coming up with the “social disorganiza-
tion theory
we shouldn’t look at just individuals attributes as predic-
tors to whether or not they will participate, but we should
look at their surroundings/ neighbourhoods
crime and deviance are usually clustered in cities
pockets of crime
certain youths were growing up in certain neighbour-
hoods “middle class society” - had become routinized
i.e. selling crack is not seen as legit in some neighbour-
hoods
in other neighbourhoods, its a means to get by.
1/09/2012
it should be called school of activity
versus school of thought
focuses on day to day collaborations between researchers in doing diff
projects
Herbert Blumer
symbolic interactionism
we have to see how meanings are created in interaction
idea that there is no concrete universal truth, instead we have to
see how these things are negotiated
meaning is not set in stone
contingent on interaction
i.e. shootings:
police, the city, diff governments collect data coming up with a
number to display the rate of shootings
important for policy; policy makers can intervene at some level
symbolic interactionism approach:
there is no such thing as a shooting
varies time and place and situations that unfold
experiences of the shooter of the act
explores the category in micro details of the “universal phe-
nomenon
Becker (outsiders) & Goffman (presentation of self in everyday life, stigma,
asylums)
Contemporary ChicagoSchool Today
- repeated theme: a tension between the outsider definition and the insider
understanding of what the world is
-Anderson - perception of street corner shmucks - group is highly differentiat-
ed in reality.
-group draws moral distinctions between each other, they have specific
moral status
-Emerson - methodologist
____
Lecture 2 - Howard Becker - November 16 2012
** important part of the career metaphor:
forces you to see how things change over time --- importance of seeing in the career perspective
meanings shift and evolve - SITUATIONAL DEPENDENT
1/09/2012
becker: collective activity
“art worlds”: famous artists we often create myths about the lone individual genius whose
skills /talent allows them to rise to fame
look at the broader network of relationships to understand how they become picasso, a fa-
mous musician
we should study their environment rather than the individual in isolation
another theme in Outsiders (when we think abotu deviance and crime - not necessarily
lone pursuits but that deviance and crime are the outcome of collective activity)
What is deviance? {Becker} - Criticisms of Past Theories
#1 statistical deviance
problems with this framework:
too broad - because the ‘deviant’ themselves may not see themselves as such
outdated
#2 Pathological within the individual
intrinsically defective/wrong w/ individual explaining their ‘deviance’
dominant approach within psychology, psychoanalytic [stems from something that is wrong
with the person
misses the judgement
and the interaction
#3 Stability - Function/ Dysfunction
stability arises after conflict
different groups have different names - relative to whom you’re talking about
#4 Rule Breakers
those who dont obey from outside rules are deviant
whose rules?
different groups have different names of what is moral/immoral
What is Deviance to Becker? - Symbolic Interactionist persepctive
deviance is not something you “do
its not something about the individual
it’s about the reaction about some action is done
it’s the response
places within an interaction
exchange & transaction
Outcomes of Interactionist perspectives
social reactions are observed
not the person or act
unit of analysis: interaction

Document Summary

Crime and deviance in the chicago school soc 358. Assignment not due until the fourth week. In class midterm: 6th class - february 13 2012. No multiple choice: short & long essay. What is the chicago school? opposes big theories . 1)naturalism - we should study people and processes in their natural context. 2 names for the chicago school: park, burgess. Becker (outsiders) & goffman (presentation of self in everyday life, stigma, asylums) Repeated theme: a tension between the outsider definition and the insider understanding of what the world is. Anderson - perception of street corner shmucks - group is highly differentiat- ed in reality. Group draws moral distinctions between each other, they have specific moral status. Lecture 2 - howard becker - november 16 2012. ** important part of the career metaphor: forces you to see how things change over time --- importance of seeing in the career perspective meanings shift and evolve - situational dependent.