march28

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Published on 17 Apr 2011
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March 28/11- SOC363 lec
Neighborhood context, stress, processes and mental health
-test wud b 70mins- not a lot to be tested. Only lil amnt of time. No essays. Same
format but just take out the essay part.
-mcqs, fill in the blanks and short answers.
Neighbourhood research.
-similar neighbourhoods, their homicide rates are diff. headline from newspaper
article.
-explanation: crime rates lower in which lota cohesion. Its the coheasion (not the
ethnic/gender etc).?
What about effect neighborhood.
-neighborhood context
Focal research:
-they looked at a type of stressor. The disadvantage is that of a stressor.
-focus: issue been arnd for long time.
-how n context leads to mental health?
Methodological : how we study neighbourhood contexts?
-define a geographic area that we call neighbourhood (whole street, vs them and
pple next to them . its very subjective. So need a more objective way to measure it)
-one way of doing is to use census tract?
-identified by the city- city comes up wid tracks. Also ur postal codes that identifies
the tract. Thats how u know where it is. They wana link u to a neighborhood (wen
asked abt postal codes)
-tract boundaries: the way that stats Canada define boundaries by # of individuals.
-census tracks (all #s on the map).
City of Toronto. Map . blue ones are the #s of tracts. They’re diff sizes etc widroughly
same # of individuals.
How to measure.
-asking respondants to rate their own neighbourhood.
-systematic social observation.
Aggregate level census data:
-(not detail. Type of statistics)
-briefly wid multilevelwe link individuals. Every single postal code has %age of
ethnic grps, # of employed pple etc. by lnking ur responses wid ur postal code wid
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wats going on in the neighbourhood and analyze wid multilevel analysis.
- individuals surveyed provide info abt indicidual level attributes and characteristics
(including psychological distress)matched to census info about the neighbourhood
they live in.
Measuring neighbourhood disadvantage:
-wat are key aggregate stats about residents and hohuseholds in a vicinity
-watre some of the indicators of eighbouhood more strongly and consistently. And
link it to neigbourhood disad.
-(research that links specific types of neigh. Disadvan to mental health /distress)
Examples of wat we can look at.
-% of households wid a high school degree, %age of adults over age 24 wid a uni
degree, unemployment rate, mean household income, percentage of residences that
are owner occupied, percentage of households headed by females, percentage of
households headed by females raising dependent children, percentage visible
minority, percentage of households wid income below the official poverty line.
Neighbourhood and disadvantage: according to mirowski and ross, the two types of
disadvantage most strongly, directly and consistently related to distress are:
-%age of households headed by females, %age of housolds wid income below the
official poverty line.
2) individual perception: wat is a neighbourhood?
-here wen ure dealing wid respondants, ure asking abt wat they define wat
neighbourhood is. Cant rely on census tract.
-how do u measure ?
Individual neighbourhood perception: for ex:
-how safe someone who lives in a neighbourhood wud feel?
-we get these qs, then u take the average of that across the grp.
Another example. They’re asked to rate neighbourhood issues etc. ure trying to get
at the individuals perception widout directly asking abt it (is ur neighbourhood
filled wid crackheads etc).
3) systematic social observation( SSO)
-independent measuresof
-hire pple, train them and ask them to go out in neighbourhoods and objectively
identify wats going on there in the neighbourhood.
-truly contextual cuz its easy to calculate but we tend to measure the pple widin the
are more than the area itself. Females who are single there. Were not getting really
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Document Summary

March 28/11- soc363 lec, neighborhood context, stress, processes and mental health. Test wud b 70mins- not a lot to be tested. Same format but just take out the essay part. Mcqs, fill in the blanks and short answers: neighbourhood research. Similar neighbourhoods, their homicide rates are diff. headline from newspaper article. Explanation: crime rates lower in which lota cohesion. I t"s the coheasion (not the ethnic/gender etc): what about effect neighborhood. Define a geographic area that we call neighbourhood (whole street, vs them and pple next to them . its very subjective. So need a more objective way to measure it) Identified by the city- city comes up wid tracks. Also ur postal codes that identifies the tract. They wana link u to a neighborhood (wen asked abt postal codes) Tract boundaries: the way that stats canada define boundaries by # of individuals. Census tracks (all #s on the map): city of toronto.

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