wats going on in the neighbourhood and analyze wid multilevel analysis.
- individuals surveyed provide info abt indicidual level attributes and characteristics
(including psychological distress)—matched to census info about the neighbourhood
they live in.
•Measuring neighbourhood disadvantage:
-wat are key aggregate stats about residents and hohuseholds in a vicinity …
-wat’re some of the indicators of eighbouhood more strongly and consistently…. And
link it to neigbourhood disad.
-(research that links specific types of neigh. Disadvan to mental health /distress)
•Examples of wat we can look at.
-% of households wid a high school degree, %age of adults over age 24 wid a uni
degree, unemployment rate, mean household income, percentage of residences that
are owner occupied, percentage of households headed by females, percentage of
households headed by females raising dependent children, percentage visible
minority, percentage of households wid income below the official poverty line.
•Neighbourhood and disadvantage: according to mirowski and ross, the two types of
disadvantage most strongly, directly and consistently related to distress are:
-%age of households headed by females, %age of housolds wid income below the
official poverty line.
•2) individual perception: wat is a neighbourhood?
-here wen u’re dealing wid respondants, u’re asking abt wat they define wat
neighbourhood is. Can’t rely on census tract.
-how do u measure ?
•Individual neighbourhood perception: for ex:
-how safe someone who lives in a neighbourhood wud feel?
-we get these qs, then u take the average of that across the grp.
•Another example. They’re asked to rate neighbourhood issues etc. u’re trying to get
at the individual’s perception widout directly asking abt it (is ur neighbourhood
filled wid crackheads etc).
•3) systematic social observation( SSO)
-independent measures… of…
-hire pple, train them and ask them to go out in neighbourhoods and objectively
identify wats going on there in the neighbourhood.
-truly contextual cuz its easy to calculate but we tend to measure the pple widin the
are more than the area itself. Females who are single there. We’re not getting really