Final Exam Study Guide Apr 17 2009

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University of Toronto St. George
Sheldon Ungar

SIQ CH. 17: POLITICAL VOLATILITY IN CANADA O CDN Political Parties: New Party (Bloc), Liberal Hegemony, Brokerage Politics O Brokerage Politics o Political parties that lack stable support groups in the electorate o Avoid clear ideological differentiation from competitors o Not appealing to voters on the basis of long-standing principles O BParties--> weak parties, limited commitment from voters, volatility O Ex: merging of CDN Alliance w Conservatives= BParty O 2006 Election--> Harper victory, conservatives (force in Quebec) O Harpers success in the 2006 election came from his parties strategic decision to mount an appeal to the political centre, de-emphasize polarizing issues, and base the campaign on popular short term fixes such ,8,..4:39,-LOL9,39,[70OL01 O Parties have been most electorally successful when they have found a leader who was able to capture the public imagination and reflect the mood of a particular time O Harper was more successful in 2006 election--> neutralizing negative qualities of his image O **Only half or fewer voters are able to decide how they are going to vote before the campaign actually begins O Voters are profoundly dissatisfied w BP O CDN electorate continues to be highly de-aligned (due to BP) O Elections are unpredictabledominated by short term issuespersonalitiesevents O Parties will continue to search for electorally successful formulas to position themselves in short term advantage SIQ CH. 18: FRENCH QUEBEC, THE QUIET REVOLUTION, AND AFTER O With the quiet revolution, French CDNs bega394.,OO9K0280O;08:0-0.4L8 O Clerical French Canada gave away to a state controlled Quebec O Quebec is struggling for the recognition of its rights O Quebecois, having made considerable headway in their province , must continue to fight for greater openness of public institutions at the federal and provincial levels O The quiet revolution failed to achieve some goals (failure to create a bilingual Canada O Democracy is experiencing a crisis O Little desire to renew humanism O Quiet revolution accomplished a complete and largely beneficial transformation of morals and attitudes (ex: women gained status) O Democracy, nationalism, social democracy, humanism have made headway in Quebec- but much more must be done if we want Canada to be a place where justice, tolerance, openness and transparency prevail O Canada will have to build together SIQ CH. 19: AFFLUENCE, POWER, AND STRIKES IN CANADA, 1973-2000 O Strike activity increases-unemployment declined (vice versa) O Influences of Strike Activity O Business Cycle (effect of BC is strong post WW2 than pre) o SA increases, UE decreases (ppl are in better bargaining conditions) o Trough BC--> riskier than economic good times O Union Density o Proportion of non agricultural labour force that is unionized O 1970- 8J4;9 .475O0,078Z0,N0ned unions (more difficult for them to achieve their goals)--> strike less frequent O End WW2-1970s- labour demands focused on improving wagestate benefits O --> Job loss (decrease ability for CDNs to compete against workers in other countries O 4 days before election: CATJO- swung into gear promoting a free trade campaign
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