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SOC362 Study Notes.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Charles Jones

SOC362 Study Notes 10/18/2012 9:48:00 AM Objective vs subjective well being:  Objective is observable o Income o Livability o education  Subjective personally defined o Avoiding negative health o Satisfaction/happiness o Thriving  Purpose  Autonomy  Positive relations Maslows hierarchy of needs: from top to bottom  Self actualization o Achieving full potential  Esteem needs o Feeling accomplished and appreciated  Belongingness/love o Intimate relationships  Safety o Security; emotional & physical  Physiological o Food, water, warmth, rest Nussbaums 10 aspects of good life:  life
  bodily health
  bodily integrity  * senses/imagination/thought  emotions
  practical reason
  affiliation
  relation to other species  play  control over environment resources vs opportunities:  John Rawls theory of justice “primary goods” define just (good) society: o (a) basic liberties (freedom of thought & conscience), o (b) freedom of movement, choice of occupation, o ( c) power & responsibility, o (d) wealth, o (e) (self-­‐ )respect  resources = rights one has, opportunities = capability to exercise rights Money & Neo-­‐ Classical Economics Theory:  links doing and being to having in a way that places the analysis of having at centre stage  Model focuses on three forms of doing: working, choosing & consuming  And two forms of being: satisfaction/ happiness & tastes/preferences Justice:  Distributive o objective  procedural o subjective  from personal to interpersonal to organizational to communal  injustice requires recognition/perception of injustice  if procedure is fair, people react more negatively to unfavorable outcomes Money:  Easterlin paradox: o Easterlin found that within a given country people with higher incomes are more likely to report being happy. However, in interna1onal comparisons, the average reported level of happiness does not vary much with na1onal income per person, at least for countries with income sufficient to meet basic needs. o Ie money only increases happiness to a certain point ie meeting needs  Hedonic Treadmill o The rate at which happiness increases associated with additional income declines and eventually becomes zero (“decreasing marginal utility”) Multiple Discrepancies Theory:  MDT focuses on both sa1sfac1on & happiness  Central idea is that SWB is a func1on of perceived discrepancies around mul1ple dimensions of hav
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