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Sociology Exam Notes PDF.pdf

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University of Toronto St. George
Robert Brym

Social Stratificationvirus come kills all farmersNovember 7 and 14 2012physicians cannot become farmers because they ail dieChapter 6without the farmers there is no societyBymin a very real sense in terms of life or death framers are capitalism as a virtuemore important physicianswhy do physicians get paid so much moreshipwreck as a literary devcestructure of society causes inequalityhistorically if we look at societies we wouldnt have judges doctors professors without the labour that was donetitanic class differencelife or deaththe most important people in society were the ones Davis contradictory theme we learn under some circumstances class differences could not be important at alland Moore said were the most unimportantsinking of the titanic give the lovers to cross class linesCriticisms of the Functional Theory of Stratificationat one levee titanic is an optimistic talethe question of which occupations are more important is far from clearis social stratification necessaryThe Functional Theory of Stratificationthe functional theory ignores the pool of talent that lies unused because of inequalitysome jobs are more important than othersthe functional theory fails to examine how advantages and jobs that are more important require more training and sacrificedisadvantages are passed from generation to generationto motivate talented people to undergo training and sacrifice some people cannot afford university perfectly capable high rewards must be offeredstudents that cannot take the opportunityBECAUSE of inequalitytherefore stratification is necessary it performs a useful in a position that cannot take advantage the opportunity to go functionto schoolDavis and Moorein North American 23 of all wealth and assetsrich and judge vs janitorthey said being a judge is more important because a judge poorcomes from inheritancecan contribute more to societydoes it make sense to say inequality exist because of talent when we talk about inheritancemake sure the people who make up bigger sacrifice have a disadvantages if you lack a higher education you are bigger rewardunlikely to give your kids the environment and the most talented individuals make it to the best occupation in societybackground to do ita lot of what we have is not ours by efforts it is our by motivate people to get the best jobsinheritance true for the good and badfunctional an importantMarxs Theory of Stratificationserves important valuable purposesAttack of the ClassSpecific Killer Virusthe ability of capitalists to hire and fire wage workers at first encouraged rapid technological change and economic Case 1growthphysicians on top earn more farmers on the bottom make lessthe drive for profits also caused capitalist to concentrate many workers keep wages low and spend little on improving virus comes kills all doctorsworking conditionsmore people die because there are no one to care for the illsociety however can continue because they can continue to the result class polarization the growth of class produceconsciousness and workingclass organizations and a Case 2growing demand on the part of workers to end capitalist same society physicians on top and farmers on the bottomexploitationbecause capitalism could produce more than workers couldKaynes the government should borrow money and pay people to consume everworsening crises of overproduction would dig holes into the ground and then pay them to fill the holes back upresult in the fall of capitalism if people were paid for useless taks it increases demand for social inequality is not necessarycommodities and therefore increase employment because goods are fall of the Roman Empireonce again being demanded because people have money government can intervene in the economy to artificially stimulate relationship to the means of productiondemand to ensure the crisis of overproduction to end one quickly one Ex Ancient Timesway which capitalism existedthe rise of Islam put a stop to a lot of tradetolerant regime in African and southern SpainRoman Empire became susceptible to attack by barbarians Point 3 never realized how quickly and efficiently technological needed securityimprovement would be implemented to pay orders higher wages and they established a contractual relationship between certain make wiring conditions better while increasing productionmembers of aristocracy and themselvesyou have land we need protectionPoint 4 employment insurance welfare payments all of these we will work your land and give you or sell a part of what we benefits were won while those who were fighting were going on make in exhale for protectionstrikes they didnt just get bettwe wages they got state benefits too This helps to calm workers down and make them less radicalbecome legally bound to the landfeudalism contractual relationship between peasants and Point 5 in these countries rather than becoming democratic more landownersforms of privilege and totalitarian developed didnt quite look like the by the 1400s there were a number of forces that cause this privilege that existed in capitalist societies Nonmonetary class system to weaken and collapsebased system Workers in the West became aware of this and a lot of sootwar cancerindustrial working class Scotsman in their families were workers became turned off by socialist ideas in the Soviet Union and kicked off their land and forced to the city legally free Chinaworkersno contract to work for anyoneWebers Theory of Stratificationclass consciousnessclass position is determined by market situation the possessions of goods opportunities for income level of shrinking class of capitalisteducation and level of technical skillbankrupt fall to working class statusCritique of Marxs Theory of Stratificationthe four main cases large property owners small property industrial societies did not polarize into two opposed classes owners small business more numerous propertyless but highly educate employees highly numerous and growing engaged in inter conflictand propertyless manual workerscapitalism persisted by stimulating demandstatus groups distinguished by differences in prestige and investment in technology made it possible for workers to earn parties distinguished by differences in power also stratify higher wages and word fewer hours in better conditionsworkers fought for and won state benefitsthe social order to some degree independently of classcommunism took root in semiindustrialized countries and class conflict may occur but classlessness is unlikelyapart from classes we have statuses that are marred by witnessed the mere emergence of totalitarianism and new forms of privilegedifference in prestigePoint 2 first seen in the Great Depression people doing work under low education or incomehigh for which they were trainedprestige
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