Chapter 6.pdf

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Christian O.Caron

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SOC101 Chapter 5 StratificationIntroductionSocial StratificationPersistent patterns of social inequality within societyThe common theme in these quite different stories is the existence of groupsunemployed first nations immigrantsyoung adults and lowincome workers the rank lower than others in the social stratification systemLower the position in this ranking means less power wealth and prestigeStratification a cornerstone of sociologySociologists spend a lot of time studying Social Stratification the manner in which valued resourceswealth power and prestigeare distributed and the way in which advantages are passed from generation to generationDescriptions of social structure that ignore the stratification system are inadequateInequalities in wealth can threaten social stability An understanding of social stratification is essential for studying social changeSocial Hierarchies in stratified societiesA social hierarchy might emerge as a result of skill differencesInequalities in wealth develop as accumulation of wealth passes down generations a permanent pattern of inequality emergesAscribed and Achieved StatusStatus Ascribed statusStatuses given at birthAchieved statusgained through ones performance in a roleMeritocracy A merit based system everyone has equal chances to compete for higher status and rankSocial Mobility Exhibited in a meritocracy those more qualified move up the social hierarchy to replace the less competent Open and Closed Stratification SystemsOpen Stratification SystemMerit determines social rank and social change is possible hereThe Caste System influences the Closed Stratification SystemSocial Stratification system consists of a number of different hierarchies some based on ascribed characteristics others on achievementsSocial ClassDefinitions of the concept of Class vary considerablyThe similar economic situation and opportunities a result of their shared position within a societys system of economic production that makes these individuals members of the same classClass Structurerefers to the economic hierarchy comprisisng all such classes choosing the word structuredeliberately to indicate the relative stability and permanence of this social ranking
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