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Irving Zeitlin

SOC207 MIDTERM TEST NOTES PACKAGETable of Contents Lecture 1 1 4 Week 1 Readings 9 17 19 Lecture 2 22 Week 2 Readings27 29 32 Lecture 3 33 37 Week 3 Readings 44 51 59 Lecture 4 71 76 80 Week 4 Readings86 93 Lecture 5 97 Week 5 Readings 103 104 JAN 7 Week 1Historical Transformations Capitalist Development Immigrant Labour and Womens Work LECTURE NOTES Harris Masood Reema Gowani Lecture 1 Industrialization aspect of accumulation and processing of resources an industrial society has sources of energy like coalelectricity fueling a production system that uses techn to process RAW materials Capitalism economic and social organization of productioncapitalist system a small number of ppl owncontrol means of creating goodsservices while the majority with no ownership stake in the economy and are paid wage to work for ownersOrigins of Industrial Capitalismemergence of capitalism consisted of 2 basic periods 1 mercantile 2 commercial capitalismMercantile international trade of foods linking Americas Europe and Africa1pillage and trade allowed the growth of industrial capitalism early signs of capitalist commercial activity emerged from feudal society the industrial rev did not begin Feudal societypeople farmed land they didnt own giving money to landowners in the form of agricultureit was a premarket economy the producer is the consumerit was a precapitalist economy labour was rare and the business class is not dominantfeudal lords except rent and expected service of manual labour in exchange for protectionfeudalism is based on mutal rights and obligations reinforced by traditiondecay of feudalism led to capitalism Not sureEarly Industrial capitalism artisiansputting out system which merchants gave work to peasant houses with workshops making goodsmore trade and transportation with new inventions like the railway and militaries improved weaponssteam engine inventions created a new form of workINDUSTRIAL MILL many machines are harnessed to one energy source under the roof of managers but bad working conditionsartisians resisted this trend because before they controlled their own labourLudditesunemployed craftsmen were skilled workers but techn was making their skills obsoleteemergence of industrial capitalism also changed gender based division of labour the putting out system especially the textile industries made men and women work Women could balance homeworktexile included men women kidsmanufacturing had mengender division was more pronounced with the rise of industrial capitalism Great transformationfactories in capitalist society with more machines manufacturing and service INCREASE agriculture DECREASED th 19 century industrial capitalism was the dominant system of productiongreat transformations are growth of capital commodity and labour markets the foundation of capitalism changed society growth of cities government economy market system for fianance employees paid set amount of wage for work conditions of work is set2 artisians lost out to factory systemchange that created the market economy also lead to problems of controlling coordinating and managing work Canada industrializationCanada is a colony of britan provided raw materials rather than produce finished goodsEXPORT staple products like timberfurand made transportation railways to link trade Pre Industrial Canada th 19 centurymost productionconsumption took place at homemore immigration esp Europeshortages of urban factory jobs and little available agricultural landmost trued to find jobs in USCanadians were employed at Welland and Rideau canallots of unskilled workers thus more seasonal jobs with long hrs and low payPovertyIndustrial Era1840s Canadas economy was agrarian even though the 2 key parts for industrialization 1 available labour force 2 transportation infustructure was in place1867 manufacturing is popular creating deindustrialization in the maritimaes montrealto had access to us market and railways so become industrial heartland th With industrialization Canada become less agricultural 7 in the world for manufacturingmore factories in Canada even us built factories in Canada to avoid tariffs on goods imported from the us this created foreign investment and Urban growthbad labour laws and no unions unsanitary housing no health caredespite economic development following confederation poverty occurred in manufacturing areas Decline of Craftworkskilled craftworkmade their own payconditions declineddividing craft jobs in simple tasks allowed work to be preformed by less skilled ppl with low paymechanization cut costs increasing productivitystrikes crisis of the craftsman3
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