Commit Sociology - Religion.docx

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Christian O.Caron

- Marx believed religion was a human creation (203) - When people are deprived, they reinterpret and redefine reality instead of changing their oppressive conditions (203) - Religion functions as “the opium of the people” (203) - Those who hold power encourage religious belief among the masses to exploit them (203) - Religion is aligned with the interests of the dominant few and holds in check the potentially explosive tensions in a society (203) - Historically, religion and feudalism were so intertwined that revolutions would be seen as attacks on the church (204) - Durkheim said when people live in a community, they come to share common sentiments and thus a collective conscience is formed (204) - When they gather together, they feel like they are in the presence of something beyond themselves and is greater than the sum of their individual consciousness, and they label this experience God (204) - The experience is real, but it’s not what the people involved think it is (204) - Once people experience this reality, they designate some objects as sacred and some as profane, where the sacred things warrant profound respect and the profane objects are anything else (204) - All people feel the need to uphold and reaffirm their collective sentiments, so they come together in a “church” (205) - Religion creates and reinforces social solidarity, so collective social life is both the source and the product of religion (205) - Weber identified the Protestant ethic as the moral tone that characterizes capitalism (205) - He said that ideas, regardless of their truth or falseness, represent the potential to influence behavior (205) - Weber said that religion is intertwined with social, economic and political conditions, ex. the growth of monotheism relating to the goals of political unification (206) - Humanist perspectives don’t have supernatural referents, while religions do (206) - Religion is concerned with discovering life’s meaning while humanist perspectives are concerned with making life meaningful (206) - Personal religiosity = level of religiosity characterizing an individual (207) - Dimensions of religiosity = various facets including belief, experience, practice, and knowledge (207) - Although around 50% of Canadians claim to be committed to a religion, fewer than half of the committed demonstrate adequate dimensions of religiosity (208) - Church-sect typology = religious o
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