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Final

Final Exam Preparation Aid.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC101Y1
Professor
Robert Brym
Semester
Fall

Description
Final Exam PreparationAid I. Exam Structure th The final exam (duration 2 hours) will take place onApril 17 , from 7pm until 9pm, in GB (Galbraith Building) 304 (http://map.utoronto.ca/marker/galbraith-building). The exam will consist of two parts. PartA. Is worth 20/100 points. You will be asked to describe ONE of the THREE GG institutions listed on the exam. For your institution of choice you will be asked to comment on the following: - the purpose or mission of the institution; - organizational obstacles to achieving goals; - strengths/deficiencies of membership structure and decision making process (if applicable). A list of institutions containing the three that will appear on the exam is provided below. Most of the institutions on the list are described in your textbook. Some, however, were covered at length in your home readings. Part B. Is worth 80/100 points. You will be asked to answer ONE of the TWO questions provided on the exam. Each question will resemble a COMBINATION of any of the following questions: 1. How effective (e.g. goal achievement; legitimacy; efficiency) are current GG initiatives (institutions) in addressing certain global problems? What explains their success/failure? Are some GG problems solved more effectively than others? Why? 2. Which of the five gaps in global governance exist in certain issue areas? Which gaps do you think are more critical and why? 3. How could inefficient GG initiatives in different issue areas be reformed? What are some of the past/ongoing institutional changes? 4. In which issue areas did we see a clash of paradigms between GG initiatives’goals and other values the international community stands for? Is it possible to address such clashes? How? What to do if the clashes cannot be avoided? The questions in Part B will ask you to focus on TWO issues of global governance specified in each question but in your answer you will also be required comment on OTHER ISSUES in addition to these two. NOTE: It is absolutely critical, especially for Part B, that you provide supporting evidence for your arguments. Make sure to refer to various reading assignments, textbook, lecture and guest-speaker material in this course. 1 II. List of Institutions for Part Aof the Exam Make sure to comment on the following (wherever applicable): a) the purpose or mission of the institution; b) organizational obstacles to achieving goals; c) strengths/deficiencies of membership structure and decision making process (if applicable). 22 definitionp DPA DPKO UN’s Electoral Assistance Division PBC NPT (& IAEA) CWC (& OPCW) BWC OCHA WB HIPC Initiative GATT WTO DSB (Dispute Settlement Body) Appellate Body IMF CRMPG IIF IOSCO UNEP GEF CSD FSC WWF 2 III. Big Questions about Global Problems: AStudy Guide 1. How effective (e.g. goal achievement; legitimacy; efficiency) are current GG initiatives (institutions) in addressing the following problems? What explains their success/failure?Are some GG problems solved more effectively than others? Why? - stopping the conflict before it starts (prevention) o Prevention (lecture; Gowan ) o Mediation (textbook) o Arbitration/adjudication (textbook) - preventing conflict escalation o Collective security and sanctions (textbook; Wallensteen & Grusell; Downs & Moloney) o Intervention in armed conflict (lecture; textbook; Abramowitz & Pickering; Bellamy & Williams; Suhrke) - rebuilding societies after armed conflicts o democracy promotion (lecture; Blinken; Zahar ) o post-conflict accountability (lecture; Vanderginste & Sriram) o weak states vs. stability and prosperity (Krasner) - non-proliferation efforts o nuclear weapons (lecture; Blair et. al.; Allison; Schulte) o space weapons (Johnson; guest speaker) - providing humanitarian relief o NGOs and IOs in emergencies (lecture; Fearon; Lischer; Natsios) - addressing underdevelopment o Normative and policy changes (textbook; lecture) o WB lending and other tasks (textbook; lecture; Zoellick) o multilateral and bilateral development assistance (lecture) o MDGs (McArthur; textbook) o debt relief (lecture; supplementary WB slides on HIPC Initiative) - liberalizing trade and spreading its benefits o WTOAppellate Body (Sands; Iida) o WTO trade negotiations (Schwab) - reacting to financial crises and preventing them o IMF lending (guest speaker; lecture; textbook) o private/public regulative financial institutions (guest speaker; lecture; Armijo; Porter; Birdsall & Fukuyama) - saving environment o IO and NGO roles in conservation (guest speaker; Avant) o Kyoto (textbook) o Regional initiatives (textbook) o Global Conferences on environment (textbook) 2. Which of the five gaps in global governance exist in the following issue areas? Which gaps do you think are more critical? - armed conflict prevention o Policy (lecture; Wallensteen & Grusell) o Institutional (Gowan; Wallensteen & Grusell) o Compliance (Wallensteen & Grusell) - preventing conflict escalation 3 o Policy; Normative; Institutional; Compliance (lecture; textbook; Abramowitz & Pickering; Bellamy & Williams; Suhrke) - rebuilding societies after armed conflicts o Knowledge (lecture; Blinken; Zahar ) o Policy, Normative, Institutional (lecture; Vanderginste & Sriram; Krasner) - non-proliferation efforts o Knowledge (lecture; Blair et. al; Johnson & guest speaker); o Normative (guest speaker; Textbook); o Policy (Schulte); o Institutional (lecture; guest-speaker; Johnson; Textbook); o Compliance (lecture;Allison; Textbook) - providing humanitarian relief o Policy (lecture; Fearon) o Institutional (Lischer; Natsios) - addressing underdevelopment o Knowledge (lecture) o Normative (textbook; lecture) o Institutional (textbook; lecture; Zoellick; class video “Life and Debt”) o Compliance (McArthur; textbook) - liberalizing trade and spreading its benefits o Normative (lecture; Sands; Schwab) o Institutional (Iida) - reacting to financial crises and preventing them o Knowledge (lecture; guest-speaker; Armijo; Porter) o Policy (Armijo) o Institutional (guest speaker; lecture; textbook; Armijo; Porter; Birdsall & Fukuyama) - saving environment o Normative (Avant; lecture; textbook) o Institutional (textbook) 3. How could inefficient GG initiatives in different issue areas be reformed? What are some of the past/ongoing institutional changes? - armed conflict prevention o Has the DPA and its regional offices improved since 2007 and what was the UN SG role in this? (Gowan) - preventing conflict escalation o Do you think that the institutions of global governance managing the response to armed conflicts are in need of reform? If so, how do you think they can be reformed? (Lecture; Textbook; Gowan; Abramowitz & Pickering; Bellamy and Williams; Suhrke) - rebuilding societies after armed conflicts o How to improve democracy promotion by the international actors in the post-conflict environments? (Blinken; Zahar) o Is there any way to avoid a potential clash between peace and justice in rebuilding post- conflict societies? (Lecture and Vanderginste&Sriram) o Can shared sovereignty and de facto trusteeships be viewed as advisable policy options for the international community in some post-conflict environments?Are they realistic? (Krasner) - non-proliferation efforts 4 o Which solutions do our readings provide/suggest/imply to the proliferation problem? (Blair et. al; Johnson; Schulte;Allison) - providing humanitarian relief o Should and can the international humanitarian agencies avoid inadvertent consequences of humanitarian aid? If so, how? (Lischer) o Shall the cooperation between NGOs and the UN system in complex humanitarian emergencies be improved? If so, how? (Natsiois) - addressing underdevelopment o Did WB change in response to the lessons learned? How? (lecture) o What is a g7+? Did it prove to be a useful tool to address the issue of legitimacy in the international assistance to fragile and conflict-affected states? (Wyeth) o How to change the process of of building local governance by IOs and INGOs (lecture)? o What are some of the other reforms needed in addressing underdevelopment (lecture; textbook; home readings; your own opinion)? - liberalizing trade and spreading its benefits o Shall trade dispute resolution process change in order to incorporate other norms but trade? (Sands) How shall the Doha Round of talks proceed further? (Schwab) - reacting to financial crises and preventing them o Is the international financial architecture in need of a reform? Which suggestions have been proposed in the literature and what are the four major views on the international financial architecture in this regard? Which ones have been implemented? Do you agree with their necessity? (lecture;Armijo; Porter; Birdsall & Fukuyama) - saving environment o What reforms could you suggest to solve the issues arose due to organizational and bureaucratic behavior of environmental IOs and INGOs (guest speaker; Avant)? How to save Kyoto? (textbook; your opinion) 4. In which issue areas did we see a clash of paradigms between initiatives’goals and other values the international community stands for? Is it possible to address such clashes? How? What to do if the clashes cannot be avoided? - Rebuilding societies after conflicts (transitional justice vs. peace) - Humanitarianism (relief delivery vs. humanitarian principles) - Development (development vs. dependency, human rights) - Trade (free trade vs. environment, health, cultural principles) - Finance (protecting creditors or borrowers) - Environment (conservation vs. development) 5 IV. Summary ofAll Week Questions in the Course Armed Conflict: Prevention, Collective Security, and Sanctions In the issue of armed conflict prevention, can you identify any of the five gaps in general pertinent to global governance? Can you provide some examples?
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