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SOC212 Short Notes for Finals.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC101Y1
Professor
Jenna Valleriani
Semester
Summer

Description
Chapter8FunctionalistandStrainPerspectiveSocialconditionsstructuredtoaccidentallymakedevianceo ChicagoschoolweakstructurecauseddevianceoFunctionalistsstructurecreatedstructuralstrainwhichcauseddevianceDoctorsaboutthatlifeextrabillingpolicesubculturalstrainnursesnosubculture OrganicModelifchangesoccurinanenvironmentsocietyadaptstoprotectimproveits wellbeingoHumanbodysocietyhasaheadmanagementfunctionscirculationcommunication defensedeliveryfunctionso Devianceismuchlikeanillnessweneedexposuretogermscrimetomaintainour immunesystemsocietybutsomedeviancelikesomegermsmaybetoomuchStrategicAssumptionsofFunctionalism1 Functionalrequirementsofsystemsurvivaleverysocialsystemhastoadapttoits externalenvironmentmeetbasicgoalsmaintainaminimallevelofintegrationreplaceitsmembersovertimea DevianceoccurswhenapprovedmeansofachievingarentadequatebFunctionalistssaysocietynaturallyrespondsbyregulatingdysfunctionalactivitycCultsaredeviantbecausetheytakeyoungpplawayfromfamorginalfaith2 Lookatdeviancethathaspersistedandtrytofigureoutwhateffectsitproducesthatwouldexplainitscontributiontothesurvivalofthesystem Functiono Processisfunctionalisitcontributestomaintainingsocialsystemo SomethingisfunctionalisntalwaysgoodoDifferentfunctionalwaystoreceivesameendoMertonsmanifestfunctionsthosewithvisiblecomprehensibleconsequenceso Latentfunctions thosewhoseconsequencesarelessobviousandoften unrecognizedoMertondysfunction occurswhenaprocesslessenseffectiveequilibriumofthe systemstrainsoperationofthewholeoDysfunctionalelementscanbe manifest or latentanalogouswseriousbacteriaor viralinfectionsoEarlyfunctionalismPanglossian assumedifanythingexistedforalongtimeit musthaveagoodreasonpurposePositiveConsequencesofDeviance1ClarificationofrulesDeviancemaycauseunclearruletobeclarified2 TestingofRules Maybreakrulestochallengethemhowwillberesolveissues3 AlternativemeansofgoalattainmentOrganizedcrimeasalternativeoutofghetto4Safetyvalue Servesasatimeoutfromdemandsofconformity5BoundaryMaintenance externalenemyagainstsocietywhounitesinopposition6 Scapegoating blamepunishdeviantsforprobsinsoceity7RaisingvalueofconformityDeviantpunishedvalueofconformityrises8 EarlyWarningSystem MayserveasEarlywarningsystemforprobswsocialorder9ProtectionofvestedinterestsCriminalJusticeMentalHealthsystemsdependondeviancetosurviveFunctionsofSocialControl1Toomuchregulationcanreducelearningselfcontrol2Regulationsmeanunequalpowerdistribution3Regulationtoreduceonprobmayleadtoanother4 TreatmentofdeviantsmaymakethemstrayfromconformityGaryMarxsocialcontrolcontributestorulebreakingbehaviorExPolicetrytomakeacrowdmoveondeviancesuchasresistancedisorderlybehavior DevianceataDistanceParsonianFunctionalismoProblemsforsocialorderoStructureexplainsbehaviournotindividualmortalityoParsonsstructuralchangeinoccupationalsystemofsocietycanleadtomale delinquencyModerneconomytakesmalefromhomemotherraiseskidssotheyassume beinggoodarefemininetraitsBoyrejectthisandrebelinmanhoodmore likelytobedestructiveantisocialDurkheim WomenasocialfamilyfunctionsakanaturalphysicalfunctionsreproductionnourishmentcleanlinessetcthatareuniversalbiologicalimperativesMensocialculturedandproductiverealms ClassicalStrainTheoryCSTMertonCohenMerton AnomieoStrainbetweenaspirationsexpectationso AmericandreammeansofachievingitoDevianceoccursmostlyamongpoorbecausetheywantwhatprivilegeclasseshaveoDurkhiems anomiedisorganization Mertonsanomie stresstensionoMertons5modesofadaptionconformityinnovationritualismretreatismrebellion oNoteveryonewhoexperiencestrainwillbedeviantCohenStatusFrustration1Lowerclassyouthdoworseinschoolbcuseofmiddleclassstandardsofevaluation2Leadstogangs3 Foracceptanceandsuccess4 GangvaluesoppositionaltothosetaughtintheschoolsoWomensdeviancetrivialmensisworthyMensmasculineinterestsdonotinterestgirlstheydonotexperiencestraininthesamewaythatboysdo ElliotVossDelinquencypeakedjustbeforedropoutandsubsequentlydeclined WillisSullivan phase1actingoutagainstschoolsocialnormsoftenthroughhumorous naughtywaysthatbringstatusinanalternativestatussystemphase2despairasroutestorealsocialstatusevaporate
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