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Irving Zeitlin

1. 3 basic elements for sociological history 1. Concern for social structure (social context of historical eventindls at that particular moment) 2. History 3. Biography (concern with who the historical indls were and their importance (causal weight)) 2. The difference btwn an historian and an historical sociologists o An historian is a storyteller, narrates events History = an unique and unrepeatable series of events, a process o Historical sociologist explains (is interest in) the causes and consequences TOCQUEVILLE He compares America and France Personal witness to coup detat (seizure of power) of Napoleons nephew What were the causes and consequences of the American and France revolutions? Key concept: the rise of the demos (Greek: the people) Witnessed the master trend from aristocracy to democracy o People are beginning to play a significant role in history Sometimes for betterworse o In American democracy did not have the kind of violence as like in France Democracy in America What was different in America at that time that was fundamentally different from that of France o No old regime - no 3 pillars of the old regime = monarchy, Church, and nobility o No metropolitan cities with slums and ghettos o No state bureaucracy Whereas in France, everything was centralized Centralization took place until monarchy 1. No great industrial centers like Manchester, Liverpool, Burlingham, America was one large middle-class, a middle strata o America was a kind of a post-revolutionary middle-class society - Tocqueville Had a lot in common with o Puritans - product of the Protestant revolution Had a lot of personal liberty, trial by jury, accountability of elected officials, local autonomy o Local autonomy = no centralized bureaucracy o France was prone to despotism bc all the local powers has been severely weakened by monarchy, civilian revolution, and Napoleon
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